Driving high inclination to complete massive open online courses (MOOCs): motivation and engagement factors for learners

Tang, Chun Meng, and Chaw, Lee (2019) Driving high inclination to complete massive open online courses (MOOCs): motivation and engagement factors for learners. Electronic Journal of e-Learning, 17 (2). pp. 118-130.

PDF (Published version) - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution No Derivatives.

Download (957kB) | Preview
View at Publisher Website: https://doi.org/10.34190/JEL.17.2.05


Today, online learning is prospering from the widely available and easily accessible connection to the Web. Massive open online course (MOOC) platforms such as Coursera, edX, and Udemy have made available several thousands of short courses at several difficulty levels in a wide variety of disciplines, ranging from business, computer science to literature, for learners to select from. Learners who are looking to earn credentials for career advancement or personal interest would find MOOCs attractive not only because of the time and place flexibility these courses offer, but also because of the free enrollment or the very small certificate fee upon completion, as well as the emergent recognition these courses are receiving for their high quality learning delivery from leading educational institutions. Learners who enroll in a MOOC would typically need to participate in various learning activities and complete a few assessment tasks to complete the course. However, it has been commonly reported that the completion rates of MOOCs are low. Based on the common notion that when learners are more motivated to learn, they are likely to better engage in learning and have a higher likelihood to complete a MOOC, this study adopted the Motivation and Engagement Scale (MES) by Martin (2007, 2009) to collect responses from university students to examine whether positive motivation resulted in positive engagement; whether negative motivation resulted in negative engagement; and how positive or negative engagement swayed learners’ inclination to complete a MOOC if they were to enroll in one. Findings show that there was a statistically significant positive relationship between positive motivation and positive engagement, between negative motivation and negative engagement, and between positive engagement and inclination to complete a MOOC. However, the relationship between negative engagement and inclination to complete a MOOC was statistically not significant. Findings of this study can be useful to MOOC providers and learners in their effort to develop strategies to increase completion rates of MOOCs.

Item ID: 58822
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1479-4403
Keywords: inclination to complete, learning engagement, learning motivation, massive open online course, online learning
Copyright Information: ©ACPIL. This journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2019 06:04
FoR Codes: 39 EDUCATION > 3903 Education systems > 390303 Higher education @ 50%
52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5201 Applied and developmental psychology > 520102 Educational psychology @ 20%
46 INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES > 4609 Information systems > 460909 Information systems philosophy, research methods and theory @ 30%
SEO Codes: 93 EDUCATION AND TRAINING > 9301 Learner and Learning > 930102 Learner and Learning Processes @ 30%
93 EDUCATION AND TRAINING > 9301 Learner and Learning > 930101 Learner and Learning Achievement @ 40%
93 EDUCATION AND TRAINING > 9305 Education and Training Systems > 930502 Management of Education and Training Systems @ 30%
Downloads: Total: 1212
Last 12 Months: 168
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page