Genetic tools link long-term demographic and life-history traits of anemonefish to their anemone hosts

Salles, Océane C., Saenz-Agudelo, Pablo, Almany, Glenn R., Berumen, Michael L., Thorrold, Simon R., Jones, Geoffrey P., and Planes, Serge (2016) Genetic tools link long-term demographic and life-history traits of anemonefish to their anemone hosts. Coral Reefs, 35. pp. 1127-1138.

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Abstract

The life-history traits and population dynamics of species are increasingly being attributed to the characteristics of their preferred habitats. While coral reef fish are often strongly associated with particular habits, long-term studies establishing the demographic and life-history consequences of occupying different reef substrata are rare and no studies have monitored individuals in situ over their lifetime and determined the fate of their offspring. Here we documented a quasi-turnover and local reproductive success for an entire population or orange clownfish (Amphiprion percula) from Kimbe Island, Papua New Guinea, by taking bi-annual samples of DNA over 10-yr period (2003-2013). We compared demographic and life-history traits of individuals living on two host anemone species, Heteractis magnifica and Stichodactyla gigantea, including female size, adult continued presence (a proxy for relative longevity range), early post-settlement growth, the number of eggs per clutch and 'local' reproductive success (defined for each adult as the number of offspring returning to the natal population). Our results indicate that while the relative longevity of adults was similar on both host anemone species, females living in H. magnifica were larger than females in S. gigantea. However, despite females growing larger and producing more eggs on H. magnifica, we found that local reproductive success was significantly higher for clown fish living in S. gigantea. Life-history traits also exhibited local spatial variation, with higher local reproductive success recorded for adults living in S. gigantea on the eastern side of the island. Our findings support a 'silver spoon' hypothesis that predicts that individuals that are fortunate enough to recruit into good habitat and location will be rewarded with higher long-term reproductive success and will make a disproportionate contribution to population renewal.

Item ID: 47894
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1432-0975
Keywords: Amphiprion percula; long-term monitoring; otolith growth; parentage analysis; local reproductive success
Funders: LABEX Corail, European Research Council (ERC), Community Research Integration Support Program (CRISP), Coral Reef Target Research Connectivity Working Group, National Science Foundation (NSF), ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, The Nature Conservancy, Total Foundation (TF), James Cook University (JCU), King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2017 02:03
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity @ 30%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 40%
07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070403 Fisheries Management @ 30%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8302 Fisheries - Wild Caught > 830204 Wild Caught Fin Fish (excl. Tuna) @ 30%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960808 Marine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 40%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9613 Remnant Vegetation and Protected Conservation Areas > 961303 Protected Conservation Areas in Marine Environments @ 30%
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