2008 Status of the coral reefs in Australia and Papua New Guinea

Chin, Andrew, Sweatman, Hugh, Forbes, Susan, Perks, Helen, Walker, Ryan, Jones, Geoff, Williamson, David, Evans, Richard, Hartley, Fraser, Armstrong, Shannon, Malcolm, Hamish, and Edgar, Graham (2008) 2008 Status of the coral reefs in Australia and Papua New Guinea. In: Wilkinson, Clive, (ed.) Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 2008. Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network, Townsville, QLD, Australia, pp. 159-176.

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Abstract

The corals reefs of Australia and Papua New Guinea cover 19% of the world’s total reef area and contain levels of biological diversity approaching the ‘hot spots’ of the Philippines and Indonesia;

Human pressures on these reefs are lower than in other parts of the world (particularly SE Asia). The reefs of eastern Australia, particularly the Great Barrier Reef (GBR), have a long history of research and monitoring and world leading management;

Most coral reef management is implemented through Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) while fisheries resources are managed through specific fisheries management arrangements. Australian reefs are usually managed through cooperative arrangements between state and national governments, while management arrangements in PNG are predominantly driven by efforts of NGOs, local communities and local governments.

Item ID: 8933
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISSN: 1447-6185
Keywords: marine science; biodiversity; coral reef; bleaching; ecology; extinction; environment; habitat degradation; reef fish
Date Deposited: 14 May 2010 01:41
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity @ 50%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0501 Ecological Applications > 050101 Ecological Impacts of Climate Change @ 30%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 20%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9613 Remnant Vegetation and Protected Conservation Areas > 961303 Protected Conservation Areas in Marine Environments @ 50%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960808 Marine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 50%
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