A Study on the Effects of Protean Career Orientation on Subjective Career Success and Affective Organization Commitment among Cyber University Students: Focusing on Indirect Effects of Protean Career Processes

Kim, Sujin, and Cho, Gyupil (2022) A Study on the Effects of Protean Career Orientation on Subjective Career Success and Affective Organization Commitment among Cyber University Students: Focusing on Indirect Effects of Protean Career Processes. The Journal of Employment and Career, 12 (4). pp. 85-114.

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Abstract

Technological advancement and globalization enabled individuals to be adaptable and self-directed and manage their careers for themselves rather than being dependent on their organizations. Protean career orientation(PCO) has been regarded as a new career model to prepare for the unpredictable and ever-changing world of work in the 21st century. Empirical research has provided evidence globally while establishing protean career theory. PCO, comprised of self-directedness and a values-driven attitude, facilitates protean career processes such as vocational identity awareness, career adaptability, and career agency based on freedom and growth as its core value. These processes benefit both individuals and organizations. Individuals with PCO manage their careers through ongoing learning as they believe they are in charge of their careers. In particular, most of cyber university students in Korea study and work as full-time employees and immerse themselves in their learning for career development. They can be considered protean employees who try to establish their vocational identity, adapt to dramatic changes in the world of work, and proactively manage their careers. Accordingly, this paper investigated the effects of protean career processes (PCP; vocational identity awareness, career adaptability, and career agency) from PCO to subjective career success and affective organizational commitment among working adult students enrolled in a cyber university. To achieve the research aims, we reviewed the protean career theory background and extant literature about PCO, PCP, subjective career success, and affective organizational commitment. We analyzed the indirect effects of PCP on outcome variables from PCO. We demonstrated that vocational identity awareness and career agency fully mediated the relationship between PCO, subjective career success, and affective organizational commitment. However, paths between career adaptability, subjective career success, and affective organizational commitment were not significant. The results suggested helpful information about career management for adults who work and study and business operations related to employment and career support for universities and the government.

기술발전과 세계화는 개인이 더욱 적응적이며 주도적이고 자신의 경력 관리를 조직에 의존하기 보다는 스스로 관리하도록 만들었다. 예측이 어렵고 빠르게 변화하는 21세기 직업환경에 대비하기 위한 경력태도로 프로티언 경력태도는 전세계적으로 실증적 연구가 진행되고 있으며, 새로운 경력 이론으로서 그 기틀을 다져나가고 있다. 자기주도성과 가치지향성이 중심이 되는 프로티언 경력태도는 자유와 성장을 핵심 가치로 하여 경력정체성, 경력적응성, 경력행동과 같은 프로티언 경력과정을 촉진한다. 또한 이러한 경력과정은 개인과 조직에 이득을 가져다준다. 프로티언 경력태도를 지닌 개인은 지속적 학습을 통해 경력을 관리하며, 경력 관리에 책임이 조직이 아닌 개인에게 있다고 믿는다. 특히 사이버대학교에 재학 중인 학생들은 과반수가 일과 학업을 병행하고 있으며 적극적으로 학습에 몰두하고 경력개발을 위해 주경야독한다. 이들은 경력정체성을 확립하고, 변화하는 직업 세계에 적응하기 위해 노력하며, 경력 관리 행동에 힘쓴다고 볼 수 있다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 사이버대학교에 재학 중인 근로 성인들을 대상으로 프로티언 경력태도와 주관적 경력성공, 정서적 조직몰입과의 관계에서 프로티언 경력과정(경력정체성, 경력적응성, 경력행동)이 미치는 영향을 살펴보고자 하였다. 연구목적을 달성하기 위해 프로티언 경력태도, 프로티언 경력과정, 주관적 경력성공, 정서적 조직몰입에 관한 주요 이론적 배경과 선행연구를 분석하였으며, 각 변수 간 관계를 실증분석하였다. 분석결과, 프로티언 경력과정 중 경력정체성, 경력행동이 프로티언 경력태도와 주관적 경력성공, 정서적 조직몰입 간 관계를 완전매개하는 것으로 나타났으나, 경력적응성은 결과 변인에 유의한 영향을 미치지 않았다. 결과를 바탕으로, 사이버대학교 재학생들의 경력 관리에 관한 유용한 정보를 제공하였으며, 대학 및 정부에서 추진하는 취업 및 진로 지원 사업 운영에 관한 시사점을 논의하였다.

Item ID: 77316
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2671-6518
Copyright Information: © Korean Employment and Career Association. Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC 3.0).
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2023 00:44
FoR Codes: 39 EDUCATION > 3903 Education systems > 390305 Professional education and training @ 100%
SEO Codes: 16 EDUCATION AND TRAINING > 1601 Learner and learning > 160102 Higher education @ 50%
16 EDUCATION AND TRAINING > 1601 Learner and learning > 160104 Professional development and adult education @ 50%
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