A decision support tool for parasite management in fish aquaculture

Hutson, Kate Suzanne, Mooney, Allan James, Ernst, Ingo, Brazenor, Alexander Karlis, Scheel, Max, and Atalah, Javier (2022) A decision support tool for parasite management in fish aquaculture. Reviews in Aquaculture, 14 (3). pp. 1656-1670.

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A decision support tool was developed to aid management of problematic parasites in marine fish aquaculture. The tool provides biologically relevant treatment intervals to interrupt the life cycle of ectoparasitic flatworms that occur in global kingfish and amberjack (Seriola spp.) aquaculture. Temperature-dependent life cycle parameters for the ‘skin flukes’, Benedenia seriolae and Neobenedenia girellae, and the ‘gill fluke’, Zeuxapta seriolae, were derived from published data and modelled using non-linear regressions. Increasing temperatures shortened the duration of most life cycle parameters of all parasites. Salinity had no effect on the timing of life cycle parameters but limited hatching success in hypo- and hypersaline conditions. The tool, named BeNeZe after the first two letters of each parasite genera, enables rapid determination of treatment intervals for two consecutive medicinal immersion or ‘bathing’ treatments—the first to kill adult flatworms attached to fish and the second to prevent maturity of new parasite recruits. As temperature increases, the interval between treatments and the ‘window’ within which the second treatment should be applied is reduced. The tool can be used for multi-species infections. The inclusion of parasite taxonomy, biology and behaviour as part of an integrated management strategy is reviewed. Available through an open access app, BeNeZe is intended to be applied in conjunction with farm biosecurity, surveillance, management measures and recognition of independent management units. BeNeZe can be used to reduce infection burdens, improve fish welfare and production and reduce treatment number and frequency.

Item ID: 73282
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1753-5131
Keywords: amberjack, Carangidae, integrated parasite management, Monogenea, Seriola, treatment
Copyright Information: © 2022 The Authors. Reviews in Aquaculture published by John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2022 08:00
FoR Codes: 30 AGRICULTURAL, VETERINARY AND FOOD SCIENCES > 3005 Fisheries sciences > 300503 Fish pests and diseases @ 100%
SEO Codes: 10 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 1002 Fisheries - aquaculture > 100202 Aquaculture fin fish (excl. tuna) @ 100%
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