Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior to identify variables related to academic help seeking in higher education

Bornschlegl, Madeleine, Townshend, Kishani, and Caltabiano, Nerina (2021) Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior to identify variables related to academic help seeking in higher education. Frontiers in Education, 6. 738790.

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Abstract

Universities admit and enrol increasingly diverse student cohorts with varying academic entry standards. To increase student success, universities offer academic support to students, however, often students do not engage in or access this academic support. Building on the Theory of Planned Behavior and a comprehensive literature review, this study aims to identify personality variables, background variables and variables related to the Theory of Planned Behavior that can predict academic help seeking in higher education to inform the design of engaging and accessible academic support. Quantitative data were collected via an online survey across a range of different disciplines and undergraduate year levels at an Australian university. Structural Equation Modelling revealed that public stigma, self-stigma, extraversion, agreeableness, neuroticism, gender and the Theory of Planned Behavior variables perceived behavioural control, subjective norm and attitude towards help seeking play a role in predicting intentions to seek academic help, and academic help-seeking behaviour. Findings indicate that 20% of the variance of help-seeking intentions but only 5.7% of the variance of academic help seeking could be explained. Findings are discussed as to how they can inform interventions to increase help-seeking intentions and behaviour. Finally, this study explores how to overcome the present intention-behaviour gap.

Item ID: 70765
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2504-284X
Keywords: academic help seeking, higher education, theory of planned behavior, personality, background variables
Copyright Information: Copyright © 2021 Bornschlegl, Townshend and Caltabiano. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2021 01:49
FoR Codes: 39 EDUCATION > 3903 Education systems > 390303 Higher education @ 70%
52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5201 Applied and developmental psychology > 520102 Educational psychology @ 30%
SEO Codes: 16 EDUCATION AND TRAINING > 1601 Learner and learning > 160102 Higher education @ 70%
20 HEALTH > 2004 Public health (excl. specific population health) > 200409 Mental health @ 30%
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