Advancing our understanding of the connectivity, evolution and management of marine lobsters through genetics

Silva, Catarina N.S., Villacorta-Rath, Cecilia, Woodings, Laura N., Murphy, Nicholas P., Green, Bridget S., Hartmann, Klaas, Gardner, Caleb, Bell, James J., and Strugnell, Jan M. (2019) Advancing our understanding of the connectivity, evolution and management of marine lobsters through genetics. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 29 (3). pp. 669-687.

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The genomic revolution has provided powerful insights into the biology and ecology of many non-model organisms. Genetic tools have been increasingly applied to marine lobster research in recent years and have improved our understanding of species delimitation and population connectivity. High resolution genomic markers are just beginning to be applied to lobsters and are now starting to revolutionise our understanding of fine spatial and temporal scales of population connectivity and adaptation to environmental conditions. Lobsters play an important role in the ecosystem and many species are commercially exploited but many aspects of their biology is still largely unknown. Genetics is a powerful tool that can further contribute to our understanding of their ecology and evolution and assist management. Here we illustrate how recent genetic advancements are (1) leading to a step change in our understanding of evolution and adaptation, (2) elucidating factors driving connectivity and recruitment, (3) revealing insights into ecological processes and can (4) potentially revolutionise management of this commercially important group. We discuss how improvements in sequencing technologies and statistical methods for genetic data analyses combined with increased sampling efforts and careful sampling design have transformed our understanding of lobsters biology in recent years. We also highlight possible future directions in the application of genomic tools to lobster research that can aid management, in particular, the close-kin-mark-recapture method. Finally, we identify gaps and challenges in lobster research, such as the lack of any reference genomes and predictions on how lobsters will respond to future environmental conditions.

Item ID: 59934
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1573-5184
Keywords: Adaptation; Close-kin-mark-recapture; Connectivity; Genomics; Lobster; Management
Copyright Information: © Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019. The Accepted Manuscript version of this paper will be available Open Access from ResearchOnline@JCU under a Creative Commons Non Commercial No-derivatives license from 1 September 2020.
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC)
Projects and Grants: ARC Discovery Project No. DP150101491
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2019 00:45
FoR Codes: 31 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 3105 Genetics > 310509 Genomics @ 50%
31 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 3103 Ecology > 310305 Marine and estuarine ecology (incl. marine ichthyology) @ 20%
31 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 3104 Evolutionary biology > 310499 Evolutionary biology not elsewhere classified @ 30%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8302 Fisheries - Wild Caught > 830206 Wild Caught Rock Lobster @ 80%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 20%
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