Corals' microbial sentinels: the coral microbiome will be key to future reef health

Ainsworth, Tracy D., and Gates, Ruth D. (2016) Corals' microbial sentinels: the coral microbiome will be key to future reef health. Science, 352 (6293). pp. 1518-1519.

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[Extract] In 2005, Pandolfi et al. (1) asked whether U.S. coral reefs would in the future be overgrown and dominated by algae as a result of rapid change in the marine environment. Over a decade later, an increasing number of reefs worldwide have declined, and severe and lasting environmental changes are altering the composition of coral reefs that were once pristine and resilient. In the past 2 years, many reefs around the world have suffered from repeated bleaching (see the photo) as a result of high water temperatures caused by a strong El Niño event combined with climate change. Corals that survive the multiple impacts of climate change and local disturbance will form the basis of future reefs that will differ in fundamental ways from those considered healthy today (2). Changes to the coral microbiome on these reefs will play a vital part in future coral reef health (see the figure).

Item ID: 45241
Item Type: Article (Short Note)
ISSN: 1095-9203
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC), University of Hawaii
Projects and Grants: ARC DP130101421, ARC FS110200046, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies CE0561435
Date Deposited: 30 Aug 2016 02:24
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0501 Ecological Applications > 050101 Ecological Impacts of Climate Change @ 60%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0605 Microbiology > 060504 Microbial Ecology @ 40%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960305 Ecosystem Adaptation to Climate Change @ 100%
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