Abolishment of spawner-isolated mortality virus and where the remaining science leads

Owens, Leigh (2023) Abolishment of spawner-isolated mortality virus and where the remaining science leads. Journal of General Virology, 104 (8). 001878.

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In the late 1980s, there was histological and electron microscopy evidence for a parvovirus-like virus in Australian prawns. The data were consistent with infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis virus (IHHNV). However, these cases did not fit the then current paradigms of the known viruses and sequencing did not find any meaningful sequence homology. The virus was named spawner-isolated mortality virus (SMV; GenBank AF499102.1) in order to allow publication of the information about its occurrence to inform the scientific and aquacultural communities. This virus was present in the early years of mid-crop mortality syndrome (1993-1995). However, as time passed, nucleotide and protein databases have expanded and sequence investigation tools have become more cost effective. The sequence of the entity known as SMV is now shown to be of Carnobacterium divergens (CP016843.1). Therefore, the publications with regard to SMV have been assessed and a recommendation to abolish the name with the still valid science transferred to IHHNV and C. divergens.

Item ID: 80336
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1465-2099
Keywords: Carnobacterium divergens, IHHNV, spawner-isolated mortality virus
Copyright Information: © 2023 Crown Copyright. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. This article was made open access via a Publish and Read agreement between the Microbiology Society and the corresponding author’s institution.
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2024 22:41
FoR Codes: 31 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 3107 Microbiology > 310706 Virology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280102 Expanding knowledge in the biological sciences @ 50%
10 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 1002 Fisheries - aquaculture > 100201 Aquaculture crustaceans (excl. rock lobster and prawns) @ 50%
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