Developing codes from the interview: reading versus listening

Ligita, Titan, Francis, Karen, Wicking, Kristin, Harvey, Nichole, and Nurjannah, Intansari (2022) Developing codes from the interview: reading versus listening. Nurse Researcher, 30 (2). e1851.

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Background: Interviewing is a vital and common method of collecting data in qualitative research. The interview is usually recorded and a written transcription is created from the recording. The transcription document is then analysed by reading and re-reading to fracture the data and develop initial codes, as in grounded theory methodology. However, this method has disadvantages.

Aim: To report on how the authors used the process of generating initial codes during their analysis in a research study.

Discussion: The authors compare the rigour and efficiency of generating initial codes from reading written transcripts with generating initial codes from listening to recordings. The most notable difference between the two methods is the length of time needed to transcribe the recording before coding can start. The authors discuss the lessons they learned from their pragmatic decision to expedite initial coding by listening to rather than reading the interview data.

Conclusion: Grounded theory requires concurrent data generation and analysis. Audio analysis is efficient in developing initial codes from interview recordings.

Implications for practice: Nurse researchers can use the audio method of analysing interview data

Item ID: 77145
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2047-8992
Keywords: data analysis, data collection, interview, qualitative research, research, research methodology
Copyright Information: © RCN Publishing Company Limited 2022. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) licence (see which permits others to copy and redistribute in any medium or format, remix, transform and build on this work non-commercially, provided appropriate credit is given and any changes made indicated.
Date Deposited: 28 Dec 2022 07:38
FoR Codes: 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4205 Nursing > 420599 Nursing not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2003 Provision of health and support services > 200307 Nursing @ 100%
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