How important are coral reefs to food security in the Philippines? Diving deeper than national aggregates and averages

Cabral, Reniel B., and Geronimo, Rollan C. (2018) How important are coral reefs to food security in the Philippines? Diving deeper than national aggregates and averages. Marine Policy, 91. pp. 136-141.

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Abstract

How important are coral reefs for food security and to what extent does coral reef conservation contribute to the food security of the coastal communities in the Coral Triangle? Based on the national fish production and consumption data from the Philippines and some data from Indonesia, Clifton and Foale (2017) [12] argued that the pelagic fisheries are far more important than coral reef fisheries for the food security of the Philippines and Indonesia. While it is true that, in totality, populations in both the Philippines and Indonesia rely heavily on pelagic fisheries for animal protein, this commentary demonstrates that coral reef fisheries contribute substantially to the food and livelihood security of coastal communities, which make up the poorest and most food insecure sector of the economy. There is also significant growth potential in nearshore fisheries that can be captured by working to recover currently degraded coral reef ecosystems. Nonetheless, research and institutional reforms in all sources of fish protein (pelagic, demersal, and aquaculture) are urgently needed to improve not only food security but also the lives and livelihoods of coastal fishing households in the Coral Triangle.

Item ID: 75071
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1872-9460
Keywords: Coral reefs, Coral Triangle, Food security, Pelagic fisheries, Philippines, Small-scale fisheries
Copyright Information: © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2022 03:54
FoR Codes: 30 AGRICULTURAL, VETERINARY AND FOOD SCIENCES > 3005 Fisheries sciences > 300501 Aquaculture @ 50%
30 AGRICULTURAL, VETERINARY AND FOOD SCIENCES > 3005 Fisheries sciences > 300505 Fisheries management @ 50%
SEO Codes: 10 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 1002 Fisheries - aquaculture > 100299 Fisheries - aquaculture not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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