Bioconversion of food and lignocellulosic wastes employing sugar platform: A review of enzymatic hydrolysis and kinetics

Dharma Patria, Raffel, Rehman, Shazia, Vuppaladadiyam, Arun K., Wang, Huaimin, Lin, Carol Sze Ki, Antunes, Elsa, and Leu, Shao-Yuan (2022) Bioconversion of food and lignocellulosic wastes employing sugar platform: A review of enzymatic hydrolysis and kinetics. Bioresource Technology, 352. 127083.

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Abstract

Bioenergy and biochemicals can be sustainably produced through fermentation and anaerobic digestion (AD). However, this bioconversion processes could be more economical if the hydrolysis rates of substrates in bioreactors can be accelerated. In this review, the feasibilities of including enzymatic hydrolysis (EH) in various bioconversion systems were studied to facilitate the biological synergy. The reaction kinetics of EH in bioconversion systems comparing pretreated lignocellulosic biomass (LCB) and food waste (FW) substrates were reviewed. Possible strategies to improve the hydrolysis efficiency were explored, including co-cultivation during enzyme production and replacement of pure enzyme with on-site produced fungal mash during EH. Key insights into improvement of current AD and fermentation technologies were summarized and further formed into suggestions of future directions in techno-economic feasibility of biorefinery using mixture of the first-generation food crop feedstock with FW; and/or co-digestion of FW with LCB.

Item ID: 74515
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-2976
Keywords: Anaerobic digestion, Biofuel, Biorefinery, Fermentation, Waste valorization
Copyright Information: © 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2022 00:25
FoR Codes: 40 ENGINEERING > 4004 Chemical engineering > 400402 Chemical and thermal processes in energy and combustion @ 50%
40 ENGINEERING > 4004 Chemical engineering > 400499 Chemical engineering not elsewhere classified @ 50%
SEO Codes: 17 ENERGY > 1708 Renewable energy > 170801 Biofuel energy @ 50%
17 ENERGY > 1708 Renewable energy > 170899 Renewable energy not elsewhere classified @ 50%
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