Diet-tissue discrimination and turnover of δ 13 C and δ 15 N in muscle tissue of a penaeid prawn

Hewitt, Daniel E., Taylor, Matthew D., Raoult, Vincent, Smith, Timothy M., and Gaston, Troy (2021) Diet-tissue discrimination and turnover of δ 13 C and δ 15 N in muscle tissue of a penaeid prawn. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 35 (19). e9167.

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Rationale: Stable isotopes are used to study trophic and movement ecology in aquatic systems, as they provide spatially distinct, time-integrated signatures of diet. Stable isotope ecology has been used to quantify species-habitat relationships in many important fisheries species (e.g., penaeid prawns), with approaches that typically assume constant values for diet-tissue discrimination and diet-tissue steady state, but these can be highly variable. Here we provide the first report of these processes in Metapenaeus macleayi (eastern school prawn).

Methods: Here we explicitly measure and model carbon (δ13C) and nitrogen (δ15N) diet-tissue discrimination and turnover in eastern school prawn muscle tissue as a function of experimental time following a change in diet to an isotopically distinct food source.

Results: Diet-tissue discrimination factors were 5 and 0.6‰ for δ13C and δ15N, respectively. Prawn muscle tissue reached an approximate steady state after approximately 50 and 30 days for δ13C and δ15N. Half-lives indicated faster turnover of δ15N (~8 days) than δ13C (~14 days).

Conclusions: Our diet-tissue discrimination factors deviate from ‘typical’ values with larger values for carbon than nitrogen isotopes, but are generally similar to those measured in other crustaceans. Similarly, our estimates of isotopic turnover align with those in other penaeid species. These findings confirm muscle tissue as a reliable indicator of long-term diet and movement patterns in eastern school prawn.

Item ID: 70041
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1097-0231
Copyright Information: © 2021 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2021 02:34
FoR Codes: 41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410404 Environmental management @ 20%
31 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 3103 Ecology > 310305 Marine and estuarine ecology (incl. marine ichthyology) @ 50%
31 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 3109 Zoology > 310907 Animal physiological ecology @ 30%
SEO Codes: 18 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT > 1802 Coastal and estuarine systems and management > 180201 Assessment and management of coastal and estuarine ecosystems @ 100%
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