Energy, popularity, and the circumplex: a computerized analysis of emotion in 143,353 musical pieces

North, Adrian C., Krause, Amanda, Sheridan, Lorraine P., and Ritchie, David (2018) Energy, popularity, and the circumplex: a computerized analysis of emotion in 143,353 musical pieces. Empirical Studies of the Arts, 36 (2). pp. 127-161.

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The circumplex model of affect claims that emotions can be understood in terms of their relative positions along two dimensions, namely pleasant-unpleasant and activesleepy; and numerous studies of small samples of music have yielded data consistent with this. The present research tests whether the energy and beats per minute (proxies for the arousal dimension) and popularity as expressed in terms of sale charts (a possible proxy for the pleasantness dimension) could predict scores on six moods in 143,353 musical pieces. Findings concerning energy were clearly consistent with the circumplex model; findings for beats per minute were consistent though more equivocal; and findings concerning popularity yielded only limited support. Numerous relationships between popularity and mood were indicative of the commercial market for specific genres; and evidence demonstrated considerable differences in the mood scores between genres. In addition to the circumplex model and aesthetic responses, the findings have implications for music marketing, therapy, and everyday listening.

Item ID: 62739
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 0276-2374
Keywords: music, emotion, circumplex, popularity, sales, pop music
Copyright Information: © The Author(s) 2017. In accordance with the publisher's policies, the Author Accepted Manuscript of this article is available Open Access from ResearchOnline@JCU.
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2020 04:41
FoR Codes: 52 PSYCHOLOGY > 5205 Social and personality psychology > 520505 Social psychology @ 70%
36 CREATIVE ARTS AND WRITING > 3603 Music > 360302 Music composition and improvisation @ 30%
SEO Codes: 95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9501 Arts and Leisure > 950101 Music @ 30%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences @ 70%
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