Sweepstakes reproductive success is absent in a New Zealand snapper (Chrysophrus auratus) population protected from fishing despite "tiny" Ne/N ratios elsewhere

Jones, Andrew T., Lavery, Shane D., Le Port, Agnes, Wang, You Gan, Blower, Dean, and Ovenden, Jennifer (2019) Sweepstakes reproductive success is absent in a New Zealand snapper (Chrysophrus auratus) population protected from fishing despite "tiny" Ne/N ratios elsewhere. Molecular Ecology, 28 (12). pp. 2986-2995.

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Abstract

A landmark study published in 2002 estimated a very small Ne/N ratio (around 10–5) in a population of pink snapper (Chrysophrys auratus, Forster, 1801) in the Hauraki Gulf in New Zealand. It epitomized the tiny Ne/N ratios (<10–3) reported in marine species due to the hypothesized operation of sweepstakes reproductive success (SRS). Here we re-evaluate the occurrence of SRS in marine species and the potential effect of fishing on the Ne/N ratio by studying the same species in the same region, but in a population that has been protected from fishing since 1975. We combine empirical, simulation and model-based approaches to estimate Ne (and Nb) from genotypes of 1,044 adult fish and estimate N using recapture-probabilities. The estimated Ne/N ratio was much larger (0.33, SE: 0.14) than expected. The magnitude of estimates of population-wide variance in individual lifetime reproductive success (10–18) suggested that the sweepstakes effect was negligible in the study population. After evaluating factors that could explain the contrast between studies – experimental design, life history differences, environmental effects and the influence of exploitation on the Ne/N ratio – we conclude that the low Ne of the Hauraki Gulf population is associated with demographic instability in the harvested compared to the protected population despite circumstantial evidence that the 2002 study may have underestimated Ne. This study has broad implications for the prevailing view that reproductive success in the sea is largely driven by chance, and for genetic monitoring of populations using the Ne/N ratio and Nb.

Item ID: 61808
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1365-294X
Keywords: deterministic modelling, fishing pressure, genetic effective population size, life history, reproductive success, simulation
Copyright Information: © 2019 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Funders: New Zealand Thanksgiving Foundation (NZTF), Queensland Government's Smart Futures Scholarship
Projects and Grants: NZTF grant no. 3627250
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2020 02:25
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0604 Genetics > 060411 Population, Ecological and Evolutionary Genetics @ 70%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050205 Environmental Management @ 30%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8302 Fisheries - Wild Caught > 830204 Wild Caught Fin Fish (excl. Tuna) @ 30%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970105 Expanding Knowledge in the Environmental Sciences @ 70%
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