Assessment for learning: a needs analysis study using formative assessment to evaluate the need for curriculum reform in basic sciences

Abraham, Reem Rachel, Alele, Faith, Kamath, Ullas, Kurien, Annamma, Rai, Kiranmai S., Bairy, Indira, Rao, Mohandas K.G., Rao, Guruprasad, Devi, Vasudha, Rao, Yeshwant K., Sen Gupta, Tarun, and Malau-Aduli, Bunmi S. (2018) Assessment for learning: a needs analysis study using formative assessment to evaluate the need for curriculum reform in basic sciences. Advances in Physiology Education, 42 (3). pp. 482-486.

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View at Publisher Website: https://doi.org/10.1152/advan.00093.2018
 
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Abstract

A needs analysis study for curriculum reform in basic sciences was conducted at Melaka Manipal Medical College, India, by means of a formative assessment method, namely Basic Science Retention Examination (BSRE). Students participated in a BSRE, which comprised recall and clinical multiple-choice questions in six discipline areas. They also rated the clinical relevance of each question and provided responses to three open-text questions about the exam. Pass rates were determined; clinical relevance ratings and performance scores were compared between recall type and clinical questions to test students’ level of clinical application of basic science knowledge. Text comments were thematically analyzed to identify recurring themes. Only one-third of students passed the BSRE (32.2%). Students performed better in recall questions compared with clinical questions in anatomy (51.0 vs. 40.2%), pathology (45.1 vs. 38.1%), pharmacology (41.8 vs. 31.7%), and biochemistry (43.5 vs. 26.9%). In physiology, students performed better in clinical questions compared with the recall type (56.2 vs. 45.8%). Students’ response to BSRE was positive. The findings imply that transfer of basic science knowledge was poor, and that assessment methods should emphasize clinical application of basic science knowledge.

Item ID: 58187
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1522-1229
Keywords: basic sciences; formative assessment; needs analysis
Date Deposited: 01 May 2019 01:44
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences > 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified @ 70%
93 EDUCATION AND TRAINING > 9301 Learner and Learning > 930101 Learner and Learning Achievement @ 30%
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