The fish assemblages of the Great Barrier Reef: their diversity and origin

Choat, J.H., Russell, B.C., and Chin, A. (2019) The fish assemblages of the Great Barrier Reef: their diversity and origin. In: Hutchings, Pat, Kingsford, Michael, and Hoegh-Guldberg, Ove, (eds.) The Great Barrier Reef: biology, environment and management. CSIRO, Melbourne, VIC, Australia, pp. 389-406.

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Abstract

[Extract] There are three critical features of coral reef fish faunas. First, they represent the most diverse assemblages of vertebrates on the planet. Second, this diversity may be seen at very local scales: hundreds of species co-occur within relatively small areas. Third, most species have broad geographical distributions. Thus, the observer moving across a small area of reef will encounter many different species of fish. Moving over relatively small areas (500 m2) of reef habitat can reveal up to 100 species of reef fishes: far more vertebrates than would be encountered in any terrestrial habitat. If the scale of observation is increased to cover geographically distant reefs within the same ocean basin similar diversities may be encountered and in many instances the same species will be observed. However, species diversity and species identity do vary on geographic scales in ways that reflect the location and the evolutionary history of the reef habitat. In order to understand the processes that underlie this incredible diversity of fishes, we must also appreciate the forces that have modified the reef habitat over time.

Item ID: 57459
Item Type: Book Chapter (Later Edition)
ISBN: 978-1-4863-0819-4
Funders: Australian Coral Reef Society (ACRS)
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2019 02:24
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 60%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0603 Evolutionary Biology > 060302 Biogeography and Phylogeography @ 20%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0603 Evolutionary Biology > 060309 Phylogeny and Comparative Analysis @ 20%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960808 Marine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 100%
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