A systematic review: the role of resident memory T cells in infectious diseases and their relevance for vaccine development

Muruganandah, Visai, Sathkumara, Harindra D., Navarro, Severine, and Kupz, Andreas (2018) A systematic review: the role of resident memory T cells in infectious diseases and their relevance for vaccine development. Frontiers in Immunology, 9. 1574. pp. 1-21.

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Abstract

Background: Resident memory T cells have emerged as key players in the immune response generated against a number of pathogens. Their ability to take residence in non-lymphoid peripheral tissues allows for the rapid deployment of secondary effector responses at the site of pathogen entry. This ability to provide enhanced regional immunity has gathered much attention, with the generation of resident memory T cells being the goal of many novel vaccines.

Objectives: This review aimed to systematically analyze published literature investigating the role of resident memory T cells in human infectious diseases. Known effector responses mounted by these cells are summarized and key strategies that are potentially influential in the rational design of resident memory T cell inducing vaccines have also been highlighted.

Methods: A Boolean search was applied to Medline, SCOPUS, and Web of Science. Studies that investigated the effector response generated by resident memory T cells and/or evaluated strategies for inducing these cells were included irrespective of published date. Studies must have utilized an established technique for identifying resident memory T cells such as T cell phenotyping.

Results: While over 600 publications were revealed by the search, 147 articles were eligible for inclusion. The reference lists of included articles were also screened for other eligible publications. This resulted in the inclusion of publications that studied resident memory T cells in the context of over 25 human pathogens. The vast majority of studies were conducted in mouse models and demonstrated that resident memory T cells mount protective immune responses.

Conclusion: Although the role resident memory T cells play in providing immunity varies depending on the pathogen and anatomical location they resided in, the evidence overall suggests that these cells are vital for the timely and optimal protection against a number of infectious diseases. The induction of resident memory T cells should be further investigated and seriously considered when designing new vaccines.

Item ID: 56683
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1664-3224
Keywords: resident memory t cells, infectious diseases, vaccine development, immunity, microbiology
Copyright Information: Copyright © 2018 Muruganandah, Sathkumara, Navarro and Kupz. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Additional Information:

Specialty section: This article was submitted to Immunological Memory, a section of the journal Frontiers in Immunology.

Funders: National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC), Children's Hospital Foundation (CHF)
Projects and Grants: NHMRC APP1120808, NHMRC Career Development Fellowship APP 1140709, CHF Early Career Fellowship 50197
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2019 05:40
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0605 Microbiology > 060599 Microbiology not elsewhere classified @ 34%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1107 Immunology > 110799 Immunology not elsewhere classified @ 33%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1103 Clinical Sciences > 110399 Clinical Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 33%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920199 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) not elsewhere classified @ 50%
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