Psychometric properties of the problem solving inventory in a Singapore young male adult sample

Teo, Dorothy C.H., Suarez, Lidia, and Oei, Tian P.S. (2018) Psychometric properties of the problem solving inventory in a Singapore young male adult sample. Current Psychology. (In Press)

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Abstract

The Problem Solving Inventory (PSI) is a widely used instrument that measures problem-solving appraisal, which has been associated with suicidal ideation. However, the PSI has yielded different factorial structures in Western and Asian studies. The aimof the current study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the PSI with a Southeast-Asian sample made of 342 young adult males living in Singapore. The participants completed the PSI, Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (D-Scale), Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire, Hope Scale, and Suicidal Ideation Scale. Confirmatory factor analyses showed that the data fitted a three factor model (problem-solving efficacy [PSE], rational coping [RC], and dysfunctional coping [DC] factors), supporting previous findings in Asia. Appropriate internal reliability for the total (.83) and the three subscales, .85 (PSE), .72 (RC), and .73 (DC), was found. Convergent validity was shown by significant correlations between problem solving appraisal and depression, interpersonal needs, and hope. Predictive validity was attested with positive correlations between problem solving appraisal and suicidal ideation. Concurrent discrimination was also demonstrated by differences in problem-solving appraisals between groups with low and high depression, interpersonal needs, hope, and suicidal ideation. The findings showed that the PSI with a three factors solution was a valid and reliable scale for use with young male Singaporeans.

Item ID: 56457
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1936-4733
Keywords: problem solving inventory, confirmatory factor analysis, psychometrics, validation, suicidal ideation
Copyright Information: © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2018 22:26
FoR Codes: 17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology @ 40%
17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170110 Psychological Methodology, Design and Analysis @ 60%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920401 Behaviour and Health @ 50%
92 HEALTH > 9202 Health and Support Services > 920203 Diagnostic Methods @ 50%
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