Relationship between Acropora millepora juvenile fluorescence and composition of newly established Symbiodinium assemblage

Quigley, Kate M., Strader, Marie E., and Matz, Mikhail V. (2018) Relationship between Acropora millepora juvenile fluorescence and composition of newly established Symbiodinium assemblage. PeerJ, 6.

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Abstract

Coral-dinoflagellate symbiosis is the key biological interaction enabling existence of modern-type coral reefs, but the mechanisms regulating initial host symbiont attraction, recognition and symbiont proliferation thus far remain largely unclear. A common reef-building coral Acropora millepora displays conspicuous fluorescent polymorphism during all phases of its life cycle, due to the differential expression of fluorescent proteins (FPs) of the green fluorescent protein family. In this study, we examine whether fluorescent variation in young coral juveniles exposed to natural sedirnents is associated with the uptake of disparate Symbiodinium assemblages determined using ITS-2 deep sequencing. We found that Symbiodinium asserriblages varied significantly when redness values varied, specifically in regards to abundances of clades A and C. Whether fluorescence was quantified as a categorical or continuous trait, clade A was found at higher abundances in redder juveniles. These preliminary results suggest juvenile fluorescence may be associated with Symbiodinium uptake, potentially acting as either an attractant to ecologically specific types or as a mechanism to modulate the internal light environment to control Symbiodinium physiology within the host.

Item ID: 54733
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2167-8359
Keywords: Acropora millepora, fluorescence, Symbiodinium, ITS-2
Copyright Information: © 2018 Quigley et al.Distributed under Creative Commons CC-BY 4.0
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC)
Projects and Grants: ARC CE1401000020
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2018 07:36
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 100%
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