Biodiversity redistribution under climate change: impacts on ecosystems and human well-being

Peel, Gretta T., Araújo, Miguel B., Bell, Johann D., Blanchard, Julia, Bonebrake, Timothy C., Chen, I-Ching, Clark, Timothy D., Colwell, Robert K., Danielsen, Finn, Evengård, Birgitta, Falconi, Lorena, Ferrier, Simon, Frusher, Stewart, Garcia, Raquel A., Griffis, Roger B., Hobday, Alistair J., Janion-Scheepers, Charlene, Jarzyna, Marta A., Jennings, Sarah, Lenoir, Jonathan, Linnetved, Hlif I., Martin, Victoria Y., McCormack, Phillipa C., McDonald, Jan, Mitchell, Nicola J., Mustonen, Tero, Pandolfi, John M., Pettorelli, Nathalie, Popova, Ekaterina, Robinson, Sharon A., Scheffers, Brett R., Shaw, Justine D., Sorte, Cascade J.B., Strugnell, Jan, Sunday, Jennifer M., Tuanmu, Mao-Ning, Vergés, Adriana, Villanueva, Cecilia, Wernberg, Thomas, Wapstra, Erik, and Williams, Stephen E. (2017) Biodiversity redistribution under climate change: impacts on ecosystems and human well-being. Science, 355. pp. 1-9.

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Abstract

Distributions of Earth's species are changing at accelerating rates, increasingly driven by human-mediated climate change. Such changes are already altering the composition of ecological communities, but beyond conservation of natural systems, how and why does this matter? We review evidence that climate-driven species redistribution at regional to global scales affects ecosystem functioning, human well-being, and the dynamics of climate change itself. Production of natural resources required for food security, patterns of disease transmission, and processes of carbon sequestration are all altered by changes in species distribution. Consideration of these effects of biodiversity redistribution is critical yet lacking in most mitigation and adaptation strategies, including the United Nation's Sustainable Development Goals.

Item ID: 48509
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
ISSN: 1095-9203
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC), South African National Research Foundation (NRF), Yale Climate and Energy Institute, Finnish Academy (FA), ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (CECRS), Nordforsk A. Cooper, University of Tasmania, Institute of Marine and Antarctic Studies, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility National Ecosystems Network, Ian Potter Foundation (IPF), Antartic Climate and Ecosystems Cooperative Research Centre, ARC Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions
Projects and Grants: ARC FT140100596, ARC FT110100597, ARC FT110100174, NRF KIC 98457, NRF Blue Skies 449888, FA WAPEAT project 263465, ARC DP130100250, ARC DP150101491, ARC DP110101714
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2017 05:00
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0699 Other Biological Sciences > 069902 Global Change Biology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960305 Ecosystem Adaptation to Climate Change @ 40%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960311 Social Impacts of Climate Change and Variability @ 30%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960307 Effects of Climate Change and Variability on Australia (excl. Social Impacts) @ 30%
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