Relationship between food and venom production in the estuarine stonefish Synanceia horrida

Saggiomo, Silvia Luiza, Zelenka, Christine, and Seymour, Jamie (2017) Relationship between food and venom production in the estuarine stonefish Synanceia horrida. Toxicon, 125. pp. 19-23.

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Background: The potential costs of venom production may be significant to many marine venomous taxa. In general, the parameters that influence the rate of venom production are poorly understood, but seem to be related to feeding frequency.

Methods: This study examines the effects of starvation on venom profile and venom yield on the estuarine stonefish (Synanceia horrida). In total, the venom of eight stonefishes was tested under two feeding regimes. Over a four week period, one of the two groups underwent an episode of suspended feeding, while the other was fed on a daily basis. The effect of time on venom replacement was determined by a paired T-test. ANOVA was performed to analyze differences in venom weight between fed and unfed treatments.

Results: Nutritional suspension was found to have a significant effect on the quantity of venom produced. SDS-PAGE gel and FPLC revealed that the components of the venom collected from both groups were similar, indicating that four weeks is an adequate time to regenerate key venom components but not replenish initial venom quantities.

Conclusions: Venom production was found to be affected by starvation.

Item ID: 46492
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1879-3150
Keywords: venom yield; venom production; starvation; venom profile; stonefish; Synanceia horrida
Funders: James Cook University
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2016 02:25
FoR Codes: 31 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 3109 Zoology > 310904 Animal diet and nutrition @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 100%
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