The state of legislation and policy protecting Australia's mangrove and salt marsh and their ecosystem services

Rogers, Kerrylee, Boon, Paul I., Branigan, Simon, Duke, Norman C., Field, Colin D., Fitzsimons, James A., Kirkman, Hugh, Mackenzie, Jock R., and Saintilan, Neil (2016) The state of legislation and policy protecting Australia's mangrove and salt marsh and their ecosystem services. Marine Policy, 72. pp. 139-155.

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Saline coastal wetlands, such as mangrove and coastal salt marsh, provide many ecosystem services. In Australia, large areas have been lost since European colonization, particularly as a result of drainage, infilling and flood-mitigation works, often starting in the mid-19th century and aimed primarily towards converting land to agricultural, urban or industrial uses. These threats remain ongoing, and will be exacerbated by rapid population growth and climate change in the 21st century. Establishing the effect of wetland loss on the delivery of ecosystem services is confounded by the absence of a nationally consistent approach to mapping wetlands and defining the boundaries of different types of coastal wetland. In addition, climate change and its projected effect on mangrove and salt marsh distribution and ecosystem services is poorly, if at all, acknowledged in existing legislation and policy. Intensifying climate change means that there is little time to be complacent; indeed, there is an urgent need for proper valuation of ecosystem services and explicit recognition of ecosystem services within policy and legislation. Seven actions are identified that could improve protection of coastal wetlands and the ecosystem services they provide, including benchmarking and improving coastal wetland extent and health, reducing complexity and inconsistency in governance arrangements, and facilitating wetland adaptation and ecosystem service delivery using a range of relevant mechanisms. Actions that build upon the momentum to mitigate climate change by sequestering carbon – 'blue carbon' – could achieve multiple desirable objectives, including climate-change mitigation and adaptation, floodplain rehabilitation and habitat protection.

Item ID: 46144
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1872-9460
Keywords: mangrove; salt marsh; coastal wetland; climate change; ecosystem services; sea-level rise
Additional Information:

This paper was the result of a workshop following the 1st Australian Mangrove and Saltmarsh Network Conference, held in February 2016 at Wollongong, Australia.

Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC), Nature Conservancy (NC), University of Wollongong Global Challenges Program (UW)
Projects and Grants: ARC FT130100532
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2016 02:26
FoR Codes: 41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4102 Ecological applications > 410203 Ecosystem function @ 40%
31 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 3103 Ecology > 310305 Marine and estuarine ecology (incl. marine ichthyology) @ 30%
44 HUMAN SOCIETY > 4407 Policy and administration > 440704 Environment policy @ 30%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9607 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards > 960701 Coastal and Marine Management Policy @ 40%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960503 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Coastal and Estuarine Environments @ 30%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9606 Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation > 960604 Environmental Management Systems @ 30%
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