Sea turtle rehabilitation success increases with body size and differs among species

Baker, Linda, Edwards, Will, and Pike, David A. (2015) Sea turtle rehabilitation success increases with body size and differs among species. Endangered Species Research, 29 (1). pp. 13-21.

[img]
Preview
PDF (Published Version) - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (219kB) | Preview
View at Publisher Website: http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/esr00696
 
4
74


Abstract

Wildlife rehabilitation can contribute to species conservation by releasing healthy individuals back into the wild and educating the public about threatening processes. Rehabilitation has substantial financial costs, however, and thus it is important to understand the success rates of these potential conservation management actions. We quantified the success rates for 1700 sea turtles admitted to rehabilitation facilities in Florida (USA) between 1986 and 2004. Rehabilitation success was low: 61.5% of turtles died in rehabilitation and only 36.8% were released back into the wild. A further 1.6% of turtles were maintained in captivity permanently due to the severe nature of their injuries. Most mortality occurred early during the rehabilitation process (within a few weeks), and successful rehabilitation often took several months to more than 3 yr. Loggerhead turtles Caretta caretta were most likely to survive rehabilitation, followed by Kemp's ridleys Lepidochelys kempii and green turtles Chelonia mydas; for all 3 species, larger individuals had an increased chance of successful rehabilitation. At face value, the low rates of rehabilitated turtles successfully released back into the wild may contribute only modestly to conservation in terms of contributing to population viability. However, many rehabilitation facilities provide important educational experiences that increase public awareness of the threats facing animals and highlight potential conservation solutions. Media coverage highlighting the release of rehabilitated animals further extends the conservation value of these efforts. Wildlife rehabilitation provides important direct benefits that, combined with social benefits, together may justify the expense and difficulty of rehabilitating individual animals.

Item ID: 41236
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: animal hospital, endangered species, human intervention, injury, marine turtle, public engagement, sea turtle stranding, survival, veterinary care, wildlife rehabilitation
Additional Information:

© The authors 2015. Open Access undert Creative Commons by Attribution License. Use, distribution and reproduction are unrestricted. Authors and original publication must be credited.

ISSN: 1613-4796
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2015 23:31
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 50%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity @ 50%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960808 Marine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 100%
Downloads: Total: 74
Last 12 Months: 4
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page