Arching in granular materials with particular reference to inclined mine stopes

Ting, ChingHung (2011) Arching in granular materials with particular reference to inclined mine stopes. PhD thesis, James Cook University.

PDF (Thesis) - Submitted Version
Download (3MB)
View at Publisher Website:


Determination of stress distribution, giving due consideration to arching mechanism within minefill stopes, is of great importance because of its influence on the ground stability, ore recovery and cost effectiveness. Most previous studies on stress determination and arching effects have been applied to vertical stopes, whereas research is lacking on inclined stopes. The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of inclination on arching action on stress distributions, with particular interest on the stress distribution at the base and on the side walls of the stope. Three separate modeling techniques are carried out to achieve the goal of the study, which are numerical, analytical and experimental methods.

The studies develop analytical solutions from Marston's theory for inclined stopes with parallel and non-parallel walls, incorporating arching effects within the backfill, and propose a new analytical method developed from Pascal's triangle and binomial series for vertical stress determination in vertical and inclined minefill stope. Good agreement is seen between the two analytical methods for vertical and inclined stopes. The results show that with the same overburden pressure yz and base width B, the stress magnitude experienced by fill material can vary significantly with wall inclination. It is shown that lateral earth pressure coefficient, K and interfacial friction angle, δ has significant influence on vertical stress profile. K and δ should be taken as either K = K₀ and δ = 2/3 (0) or K = Kₐ and δ = (0) to better describe the state of stress within the minefills in underground stopes.

A laboratory model is designed to simulate mine backfilling in an inclined stope and determine the average vertical stress at any depth within the fill. Stope inclination, wall roughness, relative density and aspect ratio are varied independently to study their influence on the stress distribution and arching effects. The highest vertical stress is observed at inclination about 80⁰ to the horizontal and shear stress experienced by the footwall increases with increasing stope inclination and wall roughness. The average interfacial friction angle can be used in analytical expression to predict the vertical stress within a stope with dissimilar wall characteristics.

The study undertaken has also developed approximate solutions for the stress distribution within inclined stopes based on FLAC simulation. Three separate models are conducted in the simulation. They are laboratory model stope, a prototype minefill stope, and laboratory stope incorporated into rock mass to simulate minefill environments. There is good agreement among the analytical, numerical and the laboratory model results. Lateral earth pressure coefficient, K is better described by Kₐ for inclined minefill stopes.

Item ID: 30082
Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: archings; inclined slope; minefill; stress distribution
Related URLs:
Additional Information:

Publications arising from this thesis are available from the Related URLs field. The publications are:

Ting, Ching Hung, Shukla, Sanjay Kumar, and Sivakugan, Nagaratnam (2011) Arching in soils applied to inclined mine stopes. International Journal of Geomechanics, 11 (1). pp. 29-35.

Ting, Ching Hung, Sivakugan, Nagaratnam, Read, Wayne, and Shukla, Sanjay Kumar (2012) Analytical method to determine vertical stresses within a granular material contained in right vertical prisms. International Journal of Geomechanics, 12 (1). pp. 74-79.

Ting, Ching Hung, Sivakugan, Nagaratnam, and Shukla, Sanjay Kumar (2012) Laboratory simulation of the stresses within inclined stopes. Geotechnical Testing Journal, 35 (2). pp. 280-294.

Date Deposited: 05 Nov 2013 03:35
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0905 Civil Engineering > 090501 Civil Geotechnical Engineering @ 100%
SEO Codes: 87 CONSTRUCTION > 8702 Construction Design > 870201 Civil Construction Design @ 33%
84 MINERAL RESOURCES (excl. Energy Resources) > 8401 Mineral Exploration > 840199 Mineral Exploration not elsewhere classified @ 34%
84 MINERAL RESOURCES (excl. Energy Resources) > 8402 Primary Mining and Extraction Processes of Mineral Resources > 840299 Primary Mining and Extraction of Mineral Resources not elsewhere classified @ 33%
Downloads: Total: 1092
Last 12 Months: 167
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page