Harvesting of butterflyfishes for aquarium and artisanal fisheries

Lawton, Rebecca J., Pratchett, Morgan S., and Delbeek, J. Charles (2014) Harvesting of butterflyfishes for aquarium and artisanal fisheries. In: Pratchett, Morgan S., Berumen, Michael L., and Kapoor, B.G., (eds.) Biology of Butterflyfishes. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA, pp. 269-291.

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[Extract] Direct harvesting of fishes and other coral reef organisms represents the most significant and pervasive anthropogenic impact on coral reef ecosystems (e.g., Roberts, 1995; Jackson et al., 2001; Myers and Worm, 2003), causing a range of direct and indirect effects on populations, communities, and ecosystems. Extensive harvesting of very large and previously abundant reef-associated organisms has caused massive changes in coral reef ecosystems-throughout the last two centuries (Jackson et al.,2001), and contemporary fisheries continue to overexploit many reef species (e.g., Morris et al., 2000). Coral reef fisheries account for a relatively small proportion of global fisheries yield (<1%), but are fundamental in providing food and livelihoods in many tropical nations (e.g., Bell et al., 2009). Also, coral reef fishes are probably more vulnerable to exploitation compared to many other fisheries stocks (Russ, 1991), and overfishing of reef fishes with critical functional roles, such as herbivorous fishes, has contributed to extensive and accelerating degradation of coral reef habitats (e.g., Hughes, 1994, 1996) and greatly increases vulnerability to subsequent disturbances (Bellwood et al., 2003; Hughes et al., 2007).

Item ID: 28783
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-1-4665-8289-7
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2014 03:25
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 50%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050209 Natural Resource Management @ 50%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 50%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960808 Marine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity @ 30%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960507 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Marine Environments @ 20%
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