Latitudinal shifts in coral reef fishes: why some species do and others don't shift

Feary, David A., Pratchett, Morgan S., Emslie, Michael J., Fowler , Ashley M., Figueira, Will F., Luiz, Osmar J., Nakamura, Yohei, and Booth, David J. (2014) Latitudinal shifts in coral reef fishes: why some species do and others don't shift. Fish and Fisheries, 15 (4). pp. 593-615.

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Abstract

Climate change is resulting in rapid poleward shifts in the geographical distribution of many tropical fish species, but it is equally apparent that some fishes are failing to exhibit expected shifts in their geographical distribution. There is still little understanding of the species-specific traits that may constrain or promote successful establishment of populations in temperate regions. We review the factors likely to affect population establishment, including larval supply, settlement and post-settlement processes. In addition, we conduct meta-analyses on existing and new data to examine relationships between species-specific traits and vagrancy. We show that tropical vagrant species are more likely to originate from high-latitude populations, while at the demographic level, tropical fish species with large body size, high swimming ability, large size at settlement and pelagic spawning behaviour are more likely to show successful settlement into temperate habitats. We also show that both habitat and food limitation at settlement and within juvenile stages may constrain tropical vagrant communities to those species with medium to low reliance on coral resources.

Item ID: 28778
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: climate change adaptation; global warming; range shifts; temperate reef; tropical reef fishes; tropical vagrant
ISSN: 1467-2979
Funders: University of Technology, Sydney, Sydney Institute of Marine Science
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2015 03:43
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 50%
05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0501 Ecological Applications > 050101 Ecological Impacts of Climate Change @ 50%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 40%
96 ENVIRONMENT > 9603 Climate and Climate Change > 960399 Climate and Climate Change not elsewhere classified @ 60%
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