Setting children up for social mastery: building young children's social capacity: looking through a teaching and learning lens

Carter, Margaret Anne (2013) Setting children up for social mastery: building young children's social capacity: looking through a teaching and learning lens. Procedia: social and behavioral sciences, 93. pp. 1696-1703.

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Abstract

There is much debate in the literature and in the world of teachers and parents as to the most effective way of building young children's social capacity: laissez faire, authoritarian or authoritative. This study reports on the authoritative approach, the teaching and learning paradigm. Based on choice theory, this approach maintains that social behaviours are not intuitive. Children need to be intentionally taught and tutored in the performance of social behaviours. Behaviour expectations are realistic and consistent, children are supported as they learn new behaviours, and mistakes are viewed as opportunities for teaching and learning. The adults' role is non-coercive and non-judgemental, placing ownership of behaviour with the child. Participants in this preliminary study report their perceptions of an authoritative paradigm of behaviour teaching and learning. A total of 25 participants responded to the online survey, 7 staff (Female = 7, Male = 0) and 18 parents (Females = 17, Males = 1). The comparison between responses from staff and parents is tested with an independent sample t-test. The results indicate no significant differences in the views of the role of adults in building children's social capacity between parents and staff, t(23)=1.8, p>.05. However, results of an independent sample t-test comparing parents and staff show that parents (M=3.17) and staff (M=2.14) do differ significantly in their opinions of punishment and rewards in building young children's social competence, t(23)=3.02, p<.00.

Item ID: 25003
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1877-0428
Keywords: social teaching and learning; social capacity; social competence; early years; Maria Montessori.
Additional Information:

Articles from this volume of Procedia were from the 3rd World Conference on Learning,Teaching and Educational Leadership edited by Hatice Ferhan Odabasi.

As an Open Access publication the Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences is published under Creative Commons license – CC-BY-NC-ND.

CC-BY-NC-ND allows users to copy and distribute the article, provided this is not done for commercial purposes and the article is not changed or edited in any way. The author must be attributed and must not be represented as endorsing the use made of the work. This also does not allow users to text or data mine the article. For further details see our copyright information (http://www.elsevier.com/about/open-access/open-access-policies/oa-license-policy).

Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2013 03:58
FoR Codes: 13 EDUCATION > 1399 Other Education > 139999 Education not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 93 EDUCATION AND TRAINING > 9302 Teaching and Instruction > 930299 Teaching and Instruction not elsewhere classified @ 70%
93 EDUCATION AND TRAINING > 9399 Other Education and Training > 939999 Education and Training not elsewhere classified @ 30%
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