Emotional intelligence and perceived stress in dental undergraduates: a multinational survey

Pau, Allan, Rowland, Michael L., Naidoo, Sudeshni, AbdulKadir, Rahimah, Makrynika, Elisavet, Moraru, Ruxandra, Huang, Boyen, and Croucher, Ray (2007) Emotional intelligence and perceived stress in dental undergraduates: a multinational survey. Journal of Dental Education, 71 (2). pp. 197-204.

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This multinational survey investigated the relationship between emotional intelligence (EI) and perceived stress (PS) in seven countries. First-year dental undergraduates attending a dental school in England, Greece, Romania, South Africa, Australia, and the United States and three schools in Malaysia were invited to complete a set of questionnaires on age, gender, academic background, satisfaction with career choice, EI, and PS. Of 860 questionnaires distributed, 596 were fully completed—a response rate of 69.3 percent. Mean EI score was 123.8 (95 percent CI 122.7–124.9), and mean PS score was 19.1 (95 percent CI 18.6–19.7). Significant differences in EI and PS scores were detected between different countries. Females (p<0.05), younger students (p<0.001), those without a previous higher education qualification (p<0.001), and those not satisfied with their decision to study dentistry (p<0.001) were more likely to report PS when compared to their counterparts. A significant inverse relationship (coefficient=−0.29, p=0.001) between EI and PS was detected. Independent significant predictors of PS identified were gender (β=0.22, t=5.71, p=0.001), previous higher education qualification (β=−0.14, t=−2.42, p=0.010), satisfaction with decision to study dentistry (β=−0.20, t=−5.11, p=0.001), and EI (β=−0.24, t=−6.09, p=0.001), with the latter being relatively the most important predictor. In conclusion, the inverse relationship between EI and PS has been confirmed in this heterogeneous sample representing diverse sociocultural and academic contexts of dental undergraduates.

Item ID: 23432
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1930-7837
Keywords: emotional intelligence, perceived stress, dental students, dental education
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2012 04:51
FoR Codes: 13 EDUCATION > 1301 Education Systems > 130103 Higher Education @ 40%
17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170109 Personality, Abilities and Assessment @ 40%
11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111714 Mental Health @ 20%
SEO Codes: 93 EDUCATION AND TRAINING > 9301 Learner and Learning > 930102 Learner and Learning Processes @ 40%
93 EDUCATION AND TRAINING > 9302 Teaching and Instruction > 930299 Teaching and Instruction not elsewhere classified @ 30%
92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920410 Mental Health @ 30%
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