Community music education in Cairns: 1920 to 1950

Cole, Malcolm (2011) Community music education in Cairns: 1920 to 1950. In: Magnetic Resonance and Research Conversations: Proceedings of the 2010 XXXVIInd and 2011 XXXIIIrd Annual Conferences. pp. 82-100. From: 2010 ANZARME conference: magnetic resonance, 3 - 6 July 2010, Townsville, QLD, Australia.

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Though the Queensland Department of Public Instruction attempted to deliver a comprehensive school music education through the introduction of a new and revitalised syllabus in 1930, the reality was that the most pervasive and effective music education for children and adults in the 20th century in Cairns, and indeed for most of Australian society, was provided by community music groups often supported by the work of private music teachers and/or significant families. This article documents community groups from the Anglo-Celtic, Aboriginal and Torres Strait cultures in Cairns which had strong senses of self-identity, relied on many donated hours of amateur and professional goodwill, involved cross generational music making activities that was most marked in particularly influential families, provided regular performance opportunities and gathered support and funds to supply instruments, rehearsal venues and ultimately, music education for their members. Bartleet, Dunbar-Hall, Letts and Schippers (2008) have identified similar significant factors including infrastructure, organization, social engagement, dynamic music-making, engaging pedagogy/facilitation and links to schools in the dynamics of successful community music making in contemporary Australia. Community music education was generally delivered through particular cultural methods and procedures. This paper documents the activities of a number of co- existing musical communities in Cairns in a multi-cultural population (where multi- cultural describes different cultural groups co-existing alongside one another rather than interacting with each other), each being largely independent and relatively narrow in its activities. Despite this, there is some evidence that shows that some musical activities tended towards intercultural musical processes and others were culturally imposed, such as Western music being taught in schools and churches to all cultures. The paper offers an insight into community music education practices in a remote country town in Australia as advances in the technologies of wireless, film and gramophone began to play increasingly pervasive and influential roles in formal and informal music education practices.

Item ID: 21263
Item Type: Conference Item (Research - E1)
ISBN: 978-0-646-57042-6
Keywords: Cairns, music education, history, music learning and teaching, community music, Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander, Anglo-Celtic
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2012 06:35
FoR Codes: 19 STUDIES IN CREATIVE ARTS AND WRITING > 1904 Performing Arts and Creative Writing > 190407 Music Performance @ 30%
13 EDUCATION > 1302 Curriculum and Pedagogy > 130201 Creative Arts, Media and Communication Curriculum and Pedagogy @ 40%
13 EDUCATION > 1303 Specialist Studies in Education > 130301 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Education @ 30%
SEO Codes: 93 EDUCATION AND TRAINING > 9301 Learner and Learning > 930102 Learner and Learning Processes @ 30%
93 EDUCATION AND TRAINING > 9305 Education and Training Systems > 930599 Education and Training Systems not elsewhere classified @ 30%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970113 Expanding Knowledge in Education @ 40%
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