Susceptibility of pike-perch Sander lucioperca to a panel of ranavirus isolates

Bang Jensen, Britt, Holopainen, Riikka, Tapiovaara, Hannele, and Ariel, Ellen (2011) Susceptibility of pike-perch Sander lucioperca to a panel of ranavirus isolates. Aquaculture, 313 (1-4). pp. 24-30.

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Abstract

The host range of ranaviruses was investigated by challenging pike-perch (Sander lucioperca) with the following ranavirus isolates: epizootic haematopoietic necrosis virus (EHNV), European sheatfish virus (ESV), European catfish virus (ECV), pike-perch iridovirus (PPIV), short-finned eel virus (SERV) and frog virus 3 (FV3). Pike-perch fry were bath-challenged at 12 °C and 22 °C at 5 weeks post hatching, and the challenge was repeated with EHNV and PPIV in older fish (15 weeks post hatching) at higher densities. A third batch of fish was subjected to intraperitoneal (i.p.) and cohabitation challenge with EHNV, ESV, ECV and PPIV at 16 °C. Statistically significant mortality was observed in EHNV-challenged fish at both temperatures in the five week old fish. No mortalities were seen in older fish challenged with EHNV and PPIV. High mortalities were registered in i.p.-challenged fish, but not in cohabitated fish. Virus re-isolation was possible from the youngest bath-challenged fish in all challenge trials and the i.p.-challenged fish, but not from older fish or cohabitated fish. Susceptibility of pike-perch to ranaviruses appears to be dependent on age of fish and challenge route. The study shows that pike-perch are susceptible to infection with ranavirus under certain conditions, and it is suggested that this be considered when reviewing the legislation on notifiable diseases.

Item ID: 18532
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: pike-perch; ranavirus; EHNV; challenge trial; fish virus
ISSN: 1873-5622
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2011 07:02
FoR Codes: 07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0707 Veterinary Sciences > 070712 Veterinary Virology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8301 Fisheries - Aquaculture > 830102 Aquaculture Fin Fish (excl. Tuna) @ 70%
83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8302 Fisheries - Wild Caught > 830204 Wild Caught Fin Fish (excl. Tuna) @ 30%
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