Black Women in Ocean Science: Barriers to Advancement and Strategies to Move Forward

Isma, Lys M., Bernard, Miranda L., Layton, Janelle, Santana, Rose, Wilkins, Keiko W., and Nembhard, Danielle (2023) Black Women in Ocean Science: Barriers to Advancement and Strategies to Move Forward. Oceanography, 36 (4). pp. 56-59.

PDF (Published Version) - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (130kB) | Preview
View at Publisher Website:


Less than 2% of graduate students and 1% of tenured faculty in Earth, atmospheric, and ocean sciences identify as Black or African American. Discussions about diversifying ocean sciences are incomplete without acknowledging the distinctive challenges faced by Black women. We present new survey data on the dominant barriers to entry within the field, which can result from racism and discrimination, financial difficulties, and lack of access. We also discuss mitigation strategies that can be employed, with the hope that the entire ocean sciences community can collaborate to foster a culture of inclusion. We cannot have a healthy ocean if we do not support everyone who wants to study it.

Item ID: 82120
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1042-8275
Copyright Information: This is an open access article made available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format as long as users cite the materials appropriately, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate the changes that were made to the original content. Images, animations, videos, or other third-party material used in articles are included in the Creative Commons license unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If the material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission directly from the license holder to reproduce the material.
Date Deposited: 29 May 2024 02:24
FoR Codes: 37 EARTH SCIENCES > 3708 Oceanography > 370899 Oceanography not elsewhere classified @ 60%
39 EDUCATION > 3903 Education systems > 390305 Professional education and training @ 40%
SEO Codes: 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280111 Expanding knowledge in the environmental sciences @ 100%
Downloads: Total: 13
Last 12 Months: 11
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page