The ribosomal transcription units of five echinostomes and their taxonomic implications for the suborder Echinostomata (Trematoda: Platyhelminthes)

Le, Thanh Hoa, Pham, Linh Thi Khanh, Van Quyen, Dong, Nguyen, Khue Thi, Doan, Huong Thi Thanh, Saijuntha, Weerachai, and Blair, David (2024) The ribosomal transcription units of five echinostomes and their taxonomic implications for the suborder Echinostomata (Trematoda: Platyhelminthes). Parasitology Research, 123 (1). 103.

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Five newly obtained nuclear ribosomal transcription unit (rTU) sequences from Echinostomatidae and Echinochasmidae are presented. The inter- and intrafamilial relationships of these and other families in the suborder Echinostomata are also analyzed. The sequences obtained are the complete rTU of Artyfechinostomum malayanum (9,499 bp), the near-complete rTU of Hypoderaeum conoideum (8,076 bp), and the coding regions (from 5’-terminus of 18S to 3’-terminus of 28S rRNA gene) in Echinostoma revolutum (6,856 bp), Echinostoma miyagawai (6,854 bp), and Echinochasmus japonicus (7,150 bp). Except for the longer first internal transcribed spacer (ITS1) in Echinochasmus japonicus, all genes and spacers were almost identical in length. Comprehensive maximum-likelihood phylogenies were constructed using the PhyML software package. The datasets were either the concatenated 28S + 18S rDNA sequences (5.7–5.8 kb) from 60 complete rTUs of 19 families or complete 28S sequences only (about 3.8–3.9 kb) from 70 strains or species of 22 families. The phylogenetic trees confirmed Echinostomatoidea as monophyletic. Furthermore, a detailed phylogeny constructed from alignments of 169 28S D1−D3 rDNA sequences (1.1–1.3 kb) from 98 species of 50 genera of 10 families, including 154 echinostomatoid sequences (85 species/42 genera), clearly indicated known generic relationships within Echinostomatidae and Echinochasmidae and relationships of families within Echinostomata and several other suborders. Within Echinostomatidae, Echinostoma, Artyfechinostomum, and Hypoderaeum appeared as monophyletic, while Echinochasmus (Echinochasmidae) was polyphyletic. The Echinochasmidae are a sister group to the Psilostomidae. The datasets provided here will be useful for taxonomic reappraisal as well as studies of evolutionary and population genetics in the superfamily Echinostomatoidea, the sole superfamily in the suborder Echinostomata.

Item ID: 82076
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1432-1955
Keywords: Echinochasmidae, Echinochasmus (Ecs.), Echinostoma (Eca.), Echinostomata, Echinostomatidae, Echinostomatoidea, Phylogeny, Ribosomal transcription unit
Copyright Information: © The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2024.
Date Deposited: 29 Feb 2024 02:04
FoR Codes: 31 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 3104 Evolutionary biology > 310410 Phylogeny and comparative analysis @ 50%
31 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 3109 Zoology > 310913 Invertebrate biology @ 50%
SEO Codes: 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280102 Expanding knowledge in the biological sciences @ 100%
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