The determining factors of hydrogen isotope offsets between plants and their source waters

Zhao, Liangju, Liu, Xiaohong, Wang, Ninglian, Barbeta, Adrià, Zhang, Yu, Cernusak, Lucas, and Wang, Lixin (2024) The determining factors of hydrogen isotope offsets between plants and their source waters. New Phytologist, 241 (5). pp. 2009-2024.

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A fundamental assumption when using hydrogen and oxygen stable isotopes to understand ecohydrological processes is that no isotope fractionation occurs during plant water uptake/transport/redistribution. A growing body of evidence has indicated that hydrogen isotope fractionation occurs in certain environments or for certain plant species. However, whether the plant water source hydrogen isotope offset (δ2H offset) is a common phenomenon and how it varies among different climates and plant functional types remains unclear. Here, we demonstrated the presence of positive, negative, and zero offsets based on extensive observations of 12 plant species of 635 paired stable isotopic compositions along a strong climate gradient within an inland river basin. Both temperature and relative humidity affected δ2H offsets. In cool and moist environments, temperature mainly affected δ2H offsets negatively due to its role in physiological activity. In warm and dry environments, relative humidity mainly affected δ2H offsets, likely by impacting plant leaf stomatal conductance. These δ2H offsets also showed substantial linkages with leaf water 18O enrichment, an indicator of transpiration and evaporative demand. Further studies focusing on the ecophysiological and biochemical understanding of plant δ2H dynamics under specific environments are essential for understanding regional ecohydrological processes and for conducting paleoclimate reconstructions.

Item ID: 82004
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1469-8137
Keywords: ecohydrology, hydrogen fractionation, hydrogen isotope offset, plant functional type, δ H offset correction 2
Copyright Information: © 2024 The Authors. New Phytologist © 2024 New Phytologist Foundation. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.
Date Deposited: 20 Feb 2024 01:43
FoR Codes: 31 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 3108 Plant biology > 310806 Plant physiology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280102 Expanding knowledge in the biological sciences @ 100%
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