A dose response analysis of exercise prescription variables for lateral abdominal muscle thickness and activation: A systematic review

Prentice, Caitlin L.S., Milanese, Steven, Flavell, Carol A., and Massy-Westropp, Nicola (2024) A dose response analysis of exercise prescription variables for lateral abdominal muscle thickness and activation: A systematic review. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 38. pp. 24-41.

PDF (Accepted Author Manuscript) - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (1MB) | Preview
View at Publisher Website: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbmt.2024.01.0...


Background: Various exercise programs are used to treat lateral abdominal muscle (LAM) impairments in people with low back pain. Factors comprising these programs include exercise type, session time, frequency, and program duration. However, specific clinical guidance about optimal exercise prescription is lacking.

Objectives: To perform a dose-response analysis on exercise prescription variables for LAM thickness and activation as measured by ultrasound imaging.

Design: Systematic review

Method: Databases were searched from their inception for studies examining the association between exercise interventions and LAM thickness/activation measured by ultrasound imaging in healthy individuals. Risk of bias was assessed using the Joanna Brigg's Institute critical appraisal tools. For each muscle, subgroup analyses were performed to determine the dose response of exercise prescription variables for LAM thickness and activation. Where there was insufficient data for subgroup analyses, data was narratively synthesised.

Results: Fourteen studies comprising 395 participants were included. Statistical and narrative synthesis revealed specific local abdominal exercises, programs from four weeks duration, three sessions per week and sessions of ≥30 min were associated with greatest improvements to LAM thickness. Only the variables exercise type, program duration and session frequency showed a significant between groups difference for the subgroup analysis. The main limitation was inability to perform subgroup analyses for all variables across all muscles measured at rest and during contraction, due to non-reporting of data.

Conclusion: This review provides preliminary guidance to practitioners on how the LAM respond to different exercise dosages. Future research should trial these findings.

Item ID: 81667
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1360-8592
Keywords: ultrasound imaging, abdomen, low back pain
Related URLs:
Copyright Information: © 2024 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Accepted Version: © 2024. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2024 02:50
FoR Codes: 42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4201 Allied health and rehabilitation science > 420106 Physiotherapy @ 80%
42 HEALTH SCIENCES > 4207 Sports science and exercise > 420799 Sports science and exercise not elsewhere classified @ 20%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2001 Clinical health > 200199 Clinical health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
Downloads: Total: 25
Last 12 Months: 19
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page