Effectiveness of community pharmacist-led interventions in osteoarthritis pain management: A cluster-randomized trial

Thapa, Parbati, KC, Bhuvan, Gyawali, Sudesh, Leong, Siew Lian, Mohamed Ibrahim, Mohamed Izham, and Lee, Shaun Wen Huey (2024) Effectiveness of community pharmacist-led interventions in osteoarthritis pain management: A cluster-randomized trial. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy, 20 (2). pp. 149-156.

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Abstract

Objective: This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of community pharmacist-led educational intervention and medication review among osteoarthritis patients.

Methods: A 6-month cluster-randomized controlled study was conducted in 22 community pharmacies of Nepal. Patients clinically diagnosed with osteoarthritis, aged 18 years and above, with a poor knowledge level of osteoarthritis and pain management were enrolled in the study. The intervention groups were educated on osteoarthritis and pain management, and had their medications reviewed while control group received usual care. Primary outcomes evaluated for the study were the change in pain levels, knowledge, and physical functional scores at 3 and 6 months. Repeated analyses of covariance were performed to examine the outcomes.

Results: A total of 158 participants were recruited for the study. The intervention group reported improvements in pain score (mean difference 0.473, 95 % CI 0.047 to 0.900) at 3 months and the end of the study (mean difference 0.469, 95 % CI 0.047 to 0.891) as compared to control. Similarly, improvement in knowledge scores were observed in the intervention group at 3 months (mean difference 5.320, 95 % CI 4.982 to 5.658) and 6 months (mean difference 5.411, 95 % CI 5.086 to 5.735). No differences were observed in other outcomes, including physical functional score, depression, and quality of life.

Conclusion: Community pharmacist-led intervention improved patients’ knowledge of osteoarthritis and pain management. While pain scores improved, physical functional score, depression, and quality of life score remained unchanged.

Item ID: 81262
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1934-8150
Keywords: Education, Medication review, Nepal, Osteoarthritis, Pharmacist
Copyright Information: © 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2024 03:53
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3214 Pharmacology and pharmaceutical sciences > 321403 Clinical pharmacy and pharmacy practice @ 100%
SEO Codes: 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280103 Expanding knowledge in the biomedical and clinical sciences @ 100%
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