Security and privacy problems in voice assistant applications: A survey

Li, Jingjin, Chen, Chao, Rahimi Azghadi, Mostafa, Ghodosi, Hossein, Pan, Lei, and Zhang, Jun (2023) Security and privacy problems in voice assistant applications: A survey. Computers & Security, 134. 103448.

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Abstract

Voice assistant applications have become omniscient nowadays. Two models that provide the two most important functions for real-life applications (i.e., Google Home, Amazon Alexa, Siri, etc.) are Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) models and Speaker Identification (SI) models. According to recent studies, security and privacy threats have also emerged with the rapid development of the Internet of Things (IoT). The security issues researched include attack techniques toward machine learning models and other hardware components widely used in voice assistant applications. The privacy issues include technical-wise information stealing and policy-wise privacy breaches. The voice assistant application takes a steadily growing market share every year, but their privacy and security issues never stopped causing huge economic losses and endangering users' personal sensitive information. Thus, it is important to have a comprehensive survey to outline the categorization of the current research regarding the security and privacy problems of voice assistant applications. This paper concludes and assesses five kinds of security attacks and three types of privacy threats in the papers published in the top-tier conferences of cyber security and voice domain.

Item ID: 80513
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1872-6208
Keywords: ASR, Attack, Defense, Privacy, Security, SI, Voice assistant
Copyright Information: © 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2023 01:18
FoR Codes: 46 INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES > 4604 Cybersecurity and privacy > 460406 Software and application security @ 70%
46 INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES > 4602 Artificial intelligence > 460212 Speech recognition @ 30%
SEO Codes: 22 INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION SERVICES > 2204 Information systems, technologies and services > 220403 Artificial intelligence @ 50%
22 INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION SERVICES > 2204 Information systems, technologies and services > 220405 Cybersecurity @ 50%
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