A novel multiple access communication protocol for LoRa networks without LoraWAN

Prasetyo, Jeremiah, Musayyanah, Musayyanah, and Jusak, Jusak (2023) A novel multiple access communication protocol for LoRa networks without LoraWAN. Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 30 (3). pp. 1440-1448.

[img]
Preview
PDF (Published Version) - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike.

Download (592kB) | Preview
View at Publisher Website: https://ijeecs.iaescore.com/index.php/IJ...
 
18


Abstract

Current studies predict there will be approximately 75 billion internet of things (IoT) devices connected to the internet by 2025. Such enormous IoT networks will require efficient communications systems to support those networks running well. We consider one of the emerging communications technologies that is widely used for wireless wide-area network, i.e., long range (LoRa). By default, LoRa wide area networking (LoRaWAN) has been equipped with a medium access control (MAC) protocol, however, several studies showed that LoRaWAN might not be the most excellent choice for certain applications of low-power wide area network, for example, peer-to-peer and mesh networks. In this work, we propose an application layer LoRa multi-communication (LMC) protocol to resolve multiple access problems in LoRa networks without employing LoRaWAN. The algorithm was embedded and tested on energy-constraint devices as building blocks of most IoT systems. Our examination in a controlled environment showed that the proposed algorithm achieved 94% averaged packet reception ratio (PRR) and 33.3 hours longer averaged battery lifetime compared to the default operation (without LMC algorithm) of LoRa networks. The proposed algorithm also introduced longer averaged time on air (ToA) compared to the default LoRa network mainly due to its best-effort service scenario applied to the proposed algorithm.

Item ID: 79150
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2502-4752
Keywords: Internet of things; LoRa; LoRaWAN; Multi-communication; Multiple access
Related URLs:
Copyright Information: This is an open access article under the CC BY-SA license.
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2024 02:03
FoR Codes: 46 INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES > 4606 Distributed computing and systems software > 460609 Networking and communications @ 50%
46 INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES > 4606 Distributed computing and systems software > 460603 Cyberphysical systems and internet of things @ 50%
SEO Codes: 24 MANUFACTURING > 2404 Computer, electronic and communication equipment > 240499 Computer, electronic and communication equipment not elsewhere classified @ 50%
22 INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION SERVICES > 2201 Communication technologies, systems and services > 220199 Communication technologies, systems and services not elsewhere classified @ 50%
Downloads: Total: 18
Last 12 Months: 14
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page