Why human rights matter for marine conservation

Smallhorn-West, Patrick, Allison, Edward, Gurney, Georgina, Karnad, Divya, Kretser, Heidi, Lobo, Aaron Savio, Mangubhai, Sangeeta, Newing, Helen, Pennell, Kamille, Raj, Sushil, Tilley, Alexander, Williams, Haley, and Peckham, S. Hoyt (2023) Why human rights matter for marine conservation. Frontiers in Marine Science, 10. 1089154.

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Abstract

Human rights matter for marine conservation because people and nature are inextricably linked. A thriving planet cannot be one that contains widespread human suffering or stifles human potential; and a thriving humanity cannot exist on a dying planet. While the field of marine conservation is increasingly considering human well-being, it retains a legacy in some places of protectionism, colonialism, and fortress conservation. Here, we i) provide an overview of human rights principles and how they relate to marine conservation, ii) document cases where tensions have occurred between marine conservation goals and human rights, iii) review the legal and ethical obligations, and practical benefits, for marine conservation to support human rights, and iv) provide practical guidance on integrating human rights principles into marine conservation. We argue that adopting a human rights-based approach to marine conservation, that is integrating equity as a rights-based condition rather than a charitable principle, will not only help meet legal and ethical obligations to respect, protect, and fulfil human rights, but will also result in greater and more enduring conservation impact.

Item ID: 79061
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2296-7745
Keywords: blue justice, co-management, community-based management, fortress conservation, human rights-based approach, marine protected areas, ocean equity, small-scale fisheries
Copyright Information: © 2023 Smallhorn-West, Allison, Gurney, Karnad, Kretser, Lobo, Mangubhai, Newing, Pennell, Raj, Tilley, Williams and Peckham. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY).
Funders: Australian Research Council (ARC)
Projects and Grants: ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2023 22:52
FoR Codes: 31 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 3103 Ecology > 310305 Marine and estuarine ecology (incl. marine ichthyology) @ 50%
41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4104 Environmental management > 410401 Conservation and biodiversity @ 50%
SEO Codes: 19 ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY, CLIMATE CHANGE AND NATURAL HAZARDS > 1902 Environmental policy, legislation and standards > 190299 Environmental policy, legislation and standards not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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