Urinary nephrin—a potential marker of early glomerular injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Mesfine, Belete Biadgo, Vojisavljevic, Danica, Kapoor, Ranjna, Watson, David, Kandasamy, Yogavijayan, and Rudd, Donna (2023) Urinary nephrin—a potential marker of early glomerular injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Nephrology. (In Press)

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Background: Both early recognition of glomerular injury and diagnosis of renal injury remain important problems in clinical settings, and current diagnostic biomarkers have limitations. The aim of this review was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of urinary nephrin for detecting early glomerular injury.

Methods: A search was conducted through electronic databases for all relevant studies published until January 31, 2022. The methodological quality was evaluated using the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies (QUADAS-2) tool. Pooled sensitivity, specificity, and other estimates of diagnostic accuracy were determined using a random effect model. The Summary Receiver Operating Characteristics (SROC) was used to pool the data and to estimate the area under the curve (AUC).

Results: The meta-analysis included 15 studies involving 1587 participants. Overall, the pooled sensitivity of urinary nephrin for detecting glomerular injury was 0.86 (95% CI 0.83–0.89) and specificity was 0.73 (95% CI 0.70–0.76). The AUC-SROC to summarise the diagnostic accuracy was 0.90. As a predictor of preeclampsia, urinary nephrin showed a sensitivity of 0.78 (95% CI 0.71–0.84) and specificity of 0.79 (95% CI 0.75–0.82), and as a predictor of nephropathy the sensitivity was 0.90 (95% CI 0.87–0.93), and specificity was 0.62 (95% CI 0.56–0.67). A subgroup analysis using ELISA as a method of diagnosis showed a sensitivity of 0.89 (95% CI 0.86–0.92), and a specificity of 0.72 (95% CI 0.69–0.75).

Conclusion: Urinary nephrin may be a promising marker for the detection of early glomerular injury. ELISA assays appear to provide reasonable sensitivity and specificity. Once translated into clinical practice, urinary nephrin could provide an important addition to a panel of novel markers to help in the detection of acute and chronic renal injury.

Item ID: 77767
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1724-6059
Keywords: Nephrin, AKI, early glomerular injury, biomarkers, kidney disease, kidney injury, urinary nephrin, nephrinuria
Copyright Information: © The Author(s) 2023. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2023 06:35
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3299 Other biomedical and clinical sciences > 329999 Other biomedical and clinical sciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 20 HEALTH > 2001 Clinical health > 200101 Diagnosis of human diseases and conditions @ 100%
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