Editorial: Proximate and ultimate approaches to behavior in a changing world

Rymer, Tasmin Lee, Rimbach, Rebecca, and Pillay, Neville (2022) Editorial: Proximate and ultimate approaches to behavior in a changing world. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 10. 1064923.

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[Extract] Tinbergen's (1963) classic four questions for the study of animal behavior have been applied across a range of study species and contexts and provide a solid foundation for understanding species' responses to rapid environmental change. Tinbergen's (1963) proximate questions include understanding the mechanisms (causation) and development (ontogeny) of behavior, while the ultimate questions include understanding the function (adaptive significance) and evolution of behavior. Integrating proximate and ultimate approaches to understanding behavior in an increasingly human-dominated world gives insights into broader conservation and management strategies for mitigating the negative effects on animal species.

The current collection of research reports provides insights into how a changing world affects different species, and provides some context for Tinbergen's focus. The contributors to this special issue demonstrate a varied and diverse approach to this topic, highlighting the inclusive nature of Tinbergen's approach to the study of animal behavior. While broad-scale conclusions cannot be drawn, the range of topics showcases how different experts are tackling these questions from a variety of angles.

Item ID: 77066
Item Type: Article (Editorial)
ISSN: 2296-701X
Keywords: behavior, environmental change, Tinbergen, human-induced, urbanization
Copyright Information: © Rymer, Rimbach and Pillay. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2022 08:16
FoR Codes: 31 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 3104 Evolutionary biology > 310403 Biological adaptation @ 20%
31 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 3109 Zoology > 310901 Animal behaviour @ 80%
SEO Codes: 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280102 Expanding knowledge in the biological sciences @ 100%
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