Serological detection of antibodies against Hepatitis E virus among Camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Nigeria

Adamu, Andrew M., Onoja, Bernard A., Anyang, Annabel S., David, Emmanuel, Ngbede, Emmanuel O., Baba, Shekowduza J., Alhaji, Nma B., Simwal, Wungak Y., Owolodun, Olajide A., and Dzikwi-Emennaa, Asabe A. (2022) Serological detection of antibodies against Hepatitis E virus among Camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Nigeria. Journal of Camelid Science, 15 (1). pp. 13-19.

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Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a zoonotic disease with increasing endemicity in many countries around the world. At the moment no data on the status of and epidemiology of HEV in camels an important livestock in the semi-arid and arid parts of Nigeria. This study determined HEV seroprevalence in two areas (with high population of camel in Nigeria) using indirect Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay. Out of 88 camels sampled, HEV antibodies were detected in 27 suggesting a prevalence rate of 30.7%. Higher rates were observed among camels in Maigatari LGA (22.7%) compared with 7.9% in Suletankarkar LGA, Jigawa State. These findings reinforce the need for further studies on molecular characterization and evolutionary diversity in Camel as well as pastoralists in Nigeria.

Item ID: 76616
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1999-8732
Keywords: Camelus dromedarius, Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay, Hepatitis e virus, Nigeria, Zoonosis
Copyright Information: Copyrights 2014 all rights reserved to International Society of Camelid Research and Development.
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2023 00:27
FoR Codes: 30 AGRICULTURAL, VETERINARY AND FOOD SCIENCES > 3009 Veterinary sciences > 300914 Veterinary virology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 10 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 1004 Livestock raising > 100499 Livestock raising not elsewhere classified @ 50%
20 HEALTH > 2001 Clinical health > 200104 Prevention of human diseases and conditions @ 50%
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