Droplet Distribution in a University Dental Clinic Setting: The Importance of High-Volume Evacuation

Gualtieri, Linda, Yong, Ronald, Ah-Kion, Jessley, Jamil, Amanda L.A., Bazaei, Asmae, Kotecha, Jhanvi, Long, Sharron, Silcock, Gloria, and Miller, Catherine M. (2022) Droplet Distribution in a University Dental Clinic Setting: The Importance of High-Volume Evacuation. Healthcare, 10 (9). 1799.

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The purpose of this study is to compare droplet distribution during a piezoelectric ultrasonic debridement procedure using either high-volume or slow-volume evacuation. Droplet distribution during a crown preparation with slow-volume evacuation is also examined. Fluorescein dye is added to the water reservoir and the procedures are performed by a single operator for 15 min on a dental manikin with artificial upper and lower teeth. Placement of filter paper squares (10 cm × 10 cm) in radiating lines away from the oral cavity of the dental manikin allows for visualization of droplet dispersion. Results show minimal difference in the spread of the droplets between the two evacuators during the debridement procedure; however, the slow-volume evacuator produces a higher concentration of droplets than the high-volume evacuator. An even higher concentration of droplets in the vicinity of the dental chair is observed during the crown preparation procedure. This study recommends the use of a high-volume evacuator where possible during professional debridement and crown preparation to reduce contamination around the dental chair from potentially pathogenic microorganisms.

Item ID: 76432
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2227-9032
Keywords: debridement high-volume evacuation, droplet distribution, infection control, slow-volume evacuation crown preparation, ultrasonic scaling
Copyright Information: © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2022 04:13
FoR Codes: 32 BIOMEDICAL AND CLINICAL SCIENCES > 3203 Dentistry > 320399 Dentistry not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 28 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 2801 Expanding knowledge > 280103 Expanding knowledge in the biomedical and clinical sciences @ 100%
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