Investigating the effect of Cu/zeolite on deoxygenation of bio-oil from pyrolysis of pine wood

Kumar, Ravinder, Strezov, Vladimir, Kan, Tao, Weldekidan, Haftom, and He, Jing (2019) Investigating the effect of Cu/zeolite on deoxygenation of bio-oil from pyrolysis of pine wood. In: Energy Procedia (160) pp. 186-193. From: 2nd International Conference on Energy and Power, ICEP2018, 13–15 December 2018, Sydney, Australia.

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Pyrolysis is one of the significant technologies that can utilize lignocellulose biomass to produce different bioenergy fuels, such as bio-oil, pyrolytic gases and bio-char. The application of pyrolysis has been extensively studied to produce bio-oil, which is foreseen as the potential transportation fuel in the near future. However, the presence of oxygenated compounds, such as phenols and alcohols in bio-oil makes it highly acidic and unstable for a suitable transportation fuel. These oxygenated compounds can be converted to refinable hydrocarbons by using different catalysts. Therefore, this study aimed to prepare a catalyst that is Cu10%-zeolite and investigated its deoxygenation activity for bio-oil produced from pyrolysis of pine wood sawdust. The catalyst was prepared by a wet-impregnation method. Subsequently, the catalyst was characterized by X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. Furthermore, the catalyst was applied for in-situ (catalyst: biomass=5) and ex-situ catalytic pyrolysis (catalyst: biomass=3) and the results were compared with those from sole zeolite support. The pyrolysis process was carried out at a heating rate of 100 °C/min to a final temperature of 700 °C and the composition of bio-oil was examined by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy. The results revealed that Cu-zeolite showed significant deoxygenation activity for bio-oil as compared to zeolite or without any catalyst. Evidently, Cu-zeolite after in-situ pyrolysis produced bio-oil with 20.9% aromatic hydrocarbons and 7.5% aliphatic hydrocarbons, which were approximately 80% and several times higher than with only zeolite, respectively. Meanwhile the concentration of alcohols was reduced from 47.5% to 5%. On the other hand, bio-oil produced from ex-situ catalytic pyrolysis was enriched with 41.6% aromatic hydrocarbons while only 1% alcohols were present in bio-oil. This promising deoxygenation activity can be ascribed to Cu-zeolite’s catalytic activity that converted phenol and alcohols to refinable hydrocarbons via various reactions, such as dehydration, decarboxylation and decarbonylation.

Item ID: 75030
Item Type: Conference Item (Research - E1)
ISSN: 1876-6102
Keywords: Bio-oil upgrading, Catalytic pyrolysis, Cu-zeolite, Pine wood
Copyright Information: © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Date Deposited: 02 Aug 2022 03:18
FoR Codes: 40 ENGINEERING > 4004 Chemical engineering > 400402 Chemical and thermal processes in energy and combustion @ 100%
SEO Codes: 17 ENERGY > 1708 Renewable energy > 170801 Biofuel energy @ 100%
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