Mesophotic coral ecosystems of French Polynesia are hotspots of alpha and beta generic diversity for scleractinian assemblages

Pérez-Rosales, Gonzalo, Pichon, Michel, Rouzé, Héloïse, Villéger, Sébastien, Torda, Gergely, Bongaerts, Pim, Carlot, Jérémy, Under The Pole Consortium, , Parravicini, Valeriano, and Hédouin, Laetitia (2022) Mesophotic coral ecosystems of French Polynesia are hotspots of alpha and beta generic diversity for scleractinian assemblages. Diversity and Distributions, 28 (7). pp. 1391-1403.

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Abstract

Aim: Revealing how diversity varies across the depth gradient is key for understanding the role of mesophotic coral ecosystems in the functioning of coral reefs. We quantitatively examined how alpha and beta generic diversity of scleractinian coral assemblages vary across a wide depth gradient for coral reefs.

Location: Sixteen sites in eight islands of three archipelagos in French Polynesia.

Methods: We studied generic diversity patterns of scleractinian corals, as derived from the analysis of photo-quadrats, across the seafloor from shallow to lower mesophotic depths (6–120 m) and on a wide geographic scale. Our sampling considered quantitative coral cover to explore the patterns of alpha and beta components of diversity across depth and horizontal space.

Results: We show that in French Polynesia, mesophotic coral ecosystems host higher alpha and beta generic diversity than shallow reefs despite decreasing coral cover with depth. The variation of coral genus richness across the depth gradient is mainly driven by a mid-domain effect with a peak at 40 m depth. At the same time, we found that the differences in coral genera across islands (spatial beta-diversity) increased steadily along the depth gradient.

Main conclusions: Our findings report the first quantitative results of coral cover and diversity from mesophotic coral ecosystems in French Polynesia and also present one of the few existing studies to examine the broad breadth of the mesophotic depth gradient. We demonstrate that mesophotic depths can host unexpectedly high generic richness of scleractinian coral assemblages. At the same time, we showed that increasing depth increases the differences in generic diversity composition across islands, whereas shallow reefs are similar in between. While a single island could conserve shallow regional biodiversity, mesophotic depths containing the richest diversity require site-specific measures, suggesting that considering these mesophotic depths in conservation is necessary to maintain regional diversity.

Item ID: 74878
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1472-4642
Keywords: coral genus biodiversity, coral reefs, diversity patterns, mid-domain effect, quantitative ecology, regional diversity, scleractinian diversity
Copyright Information: © 2022 The Authors. Diversity and Distributions published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Additional Information:

Under The Pole Consortium: G. Bardout, J. Fauchet, A. Ferucci, F. Gazzola, G. Lagarrigue, J. Leblond, E. Marivint, A. Mittau, N. Mollon, N. Paulme, E. Périé-Bardout, R. Pete, S. Pujolle, G. Siu.

Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2022 07:51
FoR Codes: 31 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 3103 Ecology > 310305 Marine and estuarine ecology (incl. marine ichthyology) @ 100%
SEO Codes: 18 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT > 1805 Marine systems and management > 180504 Marine biodiversity @ 100%
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