Application of an Automated Essay Scoring engine to English writing assessment using Many-Facet Rasch Measurement

Chan, Kinnie Kin Yee, Bond, Trevor, and Yan, Zi (2023) Application of an Automated Essay Scoring engine to English writing assessment using Many-Facet Rasch Measurement. Language Testing, 40 (1). pp. 61-85.

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We investigated the relationship between the scores assigned by an Automated Essay Scoring (AES) system, the Intelligent Essay Assessor (IEA), and grades allocated by trained, professional human raters to English essay writing by instigating two procedures novel to written-language assessment: the logistic transformation of AES raw scores into hierarchically ordered grades, and the co-calibration of all essay scoring data in a single Rasch measurement framework. A total of 3453 essays were written by 589 US students (in Grades 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12), in response to 18 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) writing prompts at three grade levels (4, 8, & 12). We randomly assigned one of two versions of the assessment, A or B, to each student. Each version comprised a narrative (N), an informative (I), and a persuasive (P) prompt. Nineteen experienced assessors graded the essays holistically using NAEP scoring guidelines, using a rotating plan in which each essay was rated by four raters. Each essay was additionally scored using the IEA. We estimated the effects of rater, prompt, student, and rubric by using a Many-Facet Rasch Measurement (MFRM) model. Last, within a single Rasch measurement scale, we co-calibrated the students’ grades from human raters and their grades from the IEA to compare them. The AES machine maintained equivalence with human scored ratings and were more consistent than those from human raters.

Item ID: 74739
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1477-0946
Keywords: Automated Essay Scoring (AES) system, English essay assessment, FACETS, human raters, Intelligent Essay Assessor (IEA), Many-Facet Rasch Measurement (MFRM)
Copyright Information: © The Author(s) 2022.
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2022 04:28
FoR Codes: 47 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 4703 Language studies > 470306 English as a second language @ 100%
SEO Codes: 13 CULTURE AND SOCIETY > 1302 Communication > 130202 Languages and linguistics @ 100%
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