Thermal plasma gasification of organic waste stream coupled with CO2-sorption enhanced reforming employing different sorbents for enhanced hydrogen production

Sikarwar, Vineet Singh, Peela, Nageswara Rao, Vuppaladadiyam, Arun Krishna, Ferreira, Newton Libanio, Mašláni, Alan, Tomar, Ritik, Pohořelý, Michael, Meers, Erik, and Jeremiáš, Michal (2022) Thermal plasma gasification of organic waste stream coupled with CO2-sorption enhanced reforming employing different sorbents for enhanced hydrogen production. RSC Advances, 12 (10). pp. 6122-6132.

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Abstract

In the past few years, rising concerns vis-à-vis global climate change and clean energy demand have brought worldwide attention to developing the ‘biomass/organic waste-to-energy’ concept as a zero-emission, environment-friendly and sustainable pathway to simultaneously quench the global energy thirst and process diverse biomass/organic waste streams. Bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) can be an influential technological route to curb climate change to a significant extent by preventing CO2 discharge. One of the pathways to realize BECCS is via in situ CO2-sorption coupled with a thermal plasma gasification process. In this study, an equilibrium model is developed using RDF as a model compound for plasma assisted CO2-sorption enhanced gasification to evaluate the viability of the proposed process in producing H2 rich syngas. Three different classes of sorbents are investigated namely, a high temperature sorbent (CaO), an intermediate temperature sorbent (Li4SiO4) and a low temperature sorbent (MgO). The distribution of gas species, H2 yield, dry gas yield and LHV are deduced with the varying gasification temperature, reforming temperature, steam-to-feedstock ratio and sorbent-to-feedstock for all three sorbents. Moreover, optimal values of different process variables are predicted. Maximum H2 is noted to be produced at 550 °C for CaO (79 vol%), 500 °C for MgO (29 vol%) and 700 °C (55 vol%) for Li4SiO4 whereas the optimal SOR/F ratios are found to be 1.5 for CaO, 1.0 for MgO and 2.5 for Li4SiO4. The results obtained in the study are promising to employ plasma assisted CO2-sorption enhanced gasification as an efficacious pathway to produce clean energy and thus achieve carbon neutrality.

Item ID: 74722
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2046-2069
Copyright Information: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by the Royal Society of Chemistry.
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2022 02:48
FoR Codes: 34 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 3406 Physical chemistry > 340601 Catalysis and mechanisms of reactions @ 70%
40 ENGINEERING > 4004 Chemical engineering > 400402 Chemical and thermal processes in energy and combustion @ 30%
SEO Codes: 17 ENERGY > 1704 Energy transformation > 170402 Hydrogen-based energy systems @ 100%
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