Do “one-size” employment policies fit all young workers? Heterogeneity in work attribute preferences among the Millennial generation

Ng, Eddy S., Posch, Arthur, Köllen, Thomas, Kraiczy, Nils, and Thom, Norbert (2024) Do “one-size” employment policies fit all young workers? Heterogeneity in work attribute preferences among the Millennial generation. Business Research Quarterly. (In Press)

PDF (Accepted Publisher Version) - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (368kB) | Preview
View at Publisher Website:


There has been a stream of research that explores how the present generation of workers (i.e., Millennials) may be different from previous generations (e.g., Baby Boomers and Gen Xers). This line of research often considers Millennials as homogeneous and concludes any differences to be “generational effects.” However, it is unlikely for a generation, which spans almost 20 years, to be uniformly homogeneous with respect to their work values and attitudes. Findings on generational differences conducted in the United States are also often generalized to other countries, ignoring the potential for national influences. In this regard, we apply a multi-method approach using three samples to demonstrate that there are differences within the Millennial generation that affect work values, preferences for work/life balance, and attraction to employer attributes. Specifically, we focus on the heterogeneity resulting from differences in age, gender, relationship status, and nationality. Our results suggest that Millennials are not as homogeneous as we assumed, and this can limit the effectiveness of managerial policies designed to improve individual and work outcomes for an entire generation of workers. Our study demonstrates that it is important for us to understand how individual, relational, and contextual factors may contribute to the heterogeneity within a generation.

Item ID: 73799
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 2340-9444
Copyright Information: © The Author(s) 2022, Article Reuse Guidelines. Creative Commons CC BY: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License ( which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages (
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2023 22:27
FoR Codes: 35 COMMERCE, MANAGEMENT, TOURISM AND SERVICES > 3505 Human resources and industrial relations > 350503 Human resources management @ 100%
SEO Codes: 15 ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK > 1503 Management and productivity > 150302 Management @ 100%
Downloads: Total: 474
Last 12 Months: 23
More Statistics

Actions (Repository Staff Only)

Item Control Page Item Control Page