Environment-sensitivity functions for gross primary productivity in light use efficiency models

Bao, Shanning, Wutzler, Thomas, Koirala, Sujan, Cuntz, Matthias, Ibrom, Andreas, Besnard, Simon, Walther, Sophia, Sigut, Ladislav, Moreno, Alvaro, Weber, Ulrich, Wohlfahrt, Georg, Cleverly, Jamie, Migliavacca, Mirco, Woodgate, William, Merbold, Lutz, Veenendaal, Elmar, and Carvalhais, Nuno (2022) Environment-sensitivity functions for gross primary productivity in light use efficiency models. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 312. 108708.

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Abstract

The sensitivity of photosynthesis to environmental changes is essential for understanding carbon cycle responses to global climate change and for the development of modeling approaches that explains its spatial and temporal variability. We collected a large variety of published sensitivity functions of gross primary productivity (GPP) to different forcing variables to assess the response of GPP to environmental factors. These include the responses of GPP to temperature; vapor pressure deficit, some of which include the response to atmospheric CO2 concentrations; soil water availability (W); light intensity; and cloudiness. These functions were combined in a full factorial light use efficiency (LUE) model structure, leading to a collection of 5600 distinct LUE models. Each model was optimized against daily GPP and evapotranspiration fluxes from 196 FLUXNET sites and ranked across sites based on a bootstrap approach. The GPP sensitivity to each environmental factor, including CO2 fertilization, was shown to be significant, and that none of the previously published model structures performed as well as the best model selected. From daily and weekly to monthly scales, the best model's median Nash-Sutcliffe model efficiency across sites was 0.73, 0.79 and 0.82, respectively, but poorer at annual scales (0.23), emphasizing the common limitation of current models in describing the interannual variability of GPP. Although the best global model did not match the local best model at each site, the selection was robust across ecosystem types. The contribution of light saturation and cloudiness to GPP was observed across all biomes (from 23% to 43%). Temperature and W dominates GPP and LUE but responses of GPP to temperature and W are lagged in cold and arid ecosystems, respectively. The findings of this study provide a foundation towards more robust LUE-based estimates of global GPP and may provide a benchmark for other empirical GPP products.

Item ID: 72559
Item Type: Article (Research - C1)
ISSN: 1873-2240
Keywords: Carbon assimilation, Radiation use efficiency, Model comparison, Model equifinality, Diffuse fraction, Sensitivity formulations, Randomly sampled sites, Temporal scales
Copyright Information: © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2022 05:31
FoR Codes: 41 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 4102 Ecological applications > 410203 Ecosystem function @ 30%
31 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 3103 Ecology > 310308 Terrestrial ecology @ 50%
31 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 3103 Ecology > 310303 Ecological physiology @ 20%
SEO Codes: 18 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT > 1806 Terrestrial systems and management > 180601 Assessment and management of terrestrial ecosystems @ 100%
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