A bottom of pyramid perspective on quality education in the tropics

Kim, Yenee, Mukherjee, Malobi, and Gupta, Reetika (2022) A bottom of pyramid perspective on quality education in the tropics. In: Wood, Jacob, Thirumaran, K., and Chaiechi, Taha, (eds.) Business, Industry and Trade in the Tropics. Routlege, London, UK, pp. 54-67.

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[Extract] An initial look at progress in quality education, the fourth goal in the United Nation’s Sustainability agenda (2019), shows that despite the 91% enrolment in primary education in developing countries, more than 50% of the young people in 58 out of 133 countries had not completed upper secondary school. Access to quality education for all people is central to achieving the SGDs. According to the latest State of the Tropics (2020) reports published by James Cook University, the tropics lag behind the rest of the world in education outcomes and this is the key focus for the region especially to reduce inequalities in society. Education is essential for economic growth, health and well-being, gender inequality, and almost all aspects of sustainable development (State of the Tropics, 2020). In all societies, education and income are correlated, yet a number of regions in the tropics have lower than average educational attainment. As per the United Nation’s Sustainability agenda (2019), one in ten young people (out of just under one billion global youth) lacked basic reading, writing, and numeracy skills. Youth literacy remained a significant problem in many nations, particularly among the poorest youth in some regions of the tropics which are also home to 85% of the world’s poorest people (State of the Tropics, 2020). UNESCO (2019) reports highlight an average of 92% of the poorest youth (aged 20–29) across sub-Saharan Africa, Central and Southern Asia had not completed upper secondary school, compared to 22% in Oceania. To examine the reasons behind these low completion rates, the authors conducted a study that uncovered the psychological mechanisms that drive education goals for the Bottom of Pyramid (BoP)1 population in Tropical Eastern India2 where only 50% of the urban/rural poorest young adults had completed their upper secondary education (UNESCO 2019). We chose the state of West Bengal because the upper secondary school completion rates were below the national average of 43% for those with a middle and low income (UNESCO 2019), suggesting the dropout rates from school were quite high.

Item ID: 71187
Item Type: Book Chapter (Research - B1)
ISBN: 978-0-367-72121-3
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Copyright Information: © Routledge
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2022 22:08
FoR Codes: 39 EDUCATION > 3901 Curriculum and pedagogy > 390114 Vocational education and training curriculum and pedagogy @ 100%
SEO Codes: 16 EDUCATION AND TRAINING > 1602 Schools and learning environments > 160203 Inclusive education @ 100%
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